Abstracts

Cognitive Errors and their Role in Dissatisfaction with life

Ali Husseinzadeh*

Abstract

The present research tries to study cognitive errors as a foundation of individual's feeling that have great effect on behavior. Studying the types of cognitive errors and grounds of their growth prevents the emergence of undesirable behavior resulting from negative thoughts. The research uses an analytical method based on religious principles derived from Quranic verses, traditions, and psychological and educational data. The research findings show that positive view of behavior and its human motives is a very important factor in preventing us from committing cognitive errors when encountering others. This is greatly emphasized in religious texts. Cognitive errors mostly result from uncertain guessing based on wrong ways of thinking. A person with intellectual error always bases his/her view of the behavior of others on guessing and describes them as something unreal and negative, though he/she believes that his/her guessing is true. It is necessary to make a study of the process of mind reading in order to find out how to understand others' thoughts and see what evidence can to prove that our guessing is consistent with reality.

Key words: knowledge, distortion, error, negative, mind, guessing.

 

 

Emotional Intelligence, Its History and Approaches in the View of Religion and Psychology

Rahim Mir Darkivandi*

Abstract

The present paper tries to theoretically study emotional intelligence in the light of the view of Islam and psychology, using a religious-scientific approach. In order to better understand the discussion and enrich it, first emotional intelligence and its types and history have been discussed and then emotional intelligence has been thoroughly studied through a descriptive – analytical method. The paper compares between emotional intelligence and cognitive intelligence and reviews the methods used for measuring emotional intelligence. Finally, it examines the approaches to emotional intelligence in the light of the view of Islam and psychology, using content analysis of religious texts and reasonable inference. The paper concludes that even if emotional intelligence is regarded as one of the new issue in psychology, it is, according to Islam, grouped under the heading of reason and its rules and so it is not considered as a new issue.

Key words: intelligence, emotion, emotional intelligence, reason.

 

 

Spiritual Intelligence and Subjective Well-Being

Nassir Aqa Babaii*, Hojjatollah Farahani** , Ali Reza Fazili Mihrabadi***

Abstract

The present paper studies the relationship between spiritual intelligence and subjective well-being. To this end, 377 University and Seminary students answered a self-rating questionnaire on spiritual intelligence, subjective happiness scale, and contentment in life scale. Such statistical indexes and methods like mean, standard deviation, t-test, Pearson correlation, and regression were used to analyze the data. The research findings show that the relationship of spiritual intelligence and the two aspects of subjective well-being (i.e. happiness and life satisfaction) is positive, the creation of personal significance is the strongest correlate and best predictor of subjective well-being, the degree of Women's contentment in life is higher than that of men and the Seminary students' spiritual intelligence is higher than that of university students. The findings indicate that the mental abilities associated to religiosity and spirituality, particularly the case of creation of personal significance, have positive role in subjective well-being. Also, the differences between men and women, and seminary students and university students have been discussed.

Key words: spiritual intelligence, religiosity, spirituality, happiness, contentment in life, subjective well-being.

 

 

The Relationship between Religious Orientation and Endurance among the Mothers Having Ailing Children

Tahereh Husseini Qomi*, Hussein Salimi Bejestani**

Abstract

The present paper seeks to study the relationship between religious orientation and endurance among the mothers having ailing children. The statistical population is the mothers of the patients who were in Imam Khomeini hospital during the month of Bahman, 1389 (January –February 2011). In this research correlation method is used and a group consisting of 100 mothers has been selected according to the sampling available. The Freiburg questionnaire of endurance (including 43 items) and Bahrami Ehsan's religious orientation questionnaire (including 64 items) were used in this research. The results of statistical analyses show that there is a significant relationship between religious orientation and endurance. Furthermore, there is a significant positive relationship between, age, level of education, and coping with illness and religious orientation.

Key words: endurance, religious orientation, mothers.

 

 

The Relationship of Impulsive Sensation-Seeking, Humor and Religious Attitude with Death Anxiety

Zeynab Vafaii*, Qasem 'Askarizadeh**, 'Abbas Rahmati***

Abstract

The present research investigates the relationship of impulsive sensation-seeking, humor and religious attitude with death anxiety among the students. To this end, a sample including 375 individuals was selected from a statistical population of students from Shahid Bahonar University-Kerman for the academic year of 2010-2011, and a multi-stage random cluster sampling was used. The fifth form of Zuckerman's questionnaire sensation seeking-, Martin's questionnaire on humor, Khodayarifard's questionnaire on religious attitude, and Templer's questionnaire on death anxiety were used for gathering the data. These data were analyzed by using such statistical indexes like correlation and regression. The results of the data analysis show that there is a significant negative relationship between impulsive sensation seeking and death anxiety (r=0/363), a significant positive relationship between humor and death anxiety (r=0/408), and a significant negative relationship between religious attitude and death anxiety (r-0/380) (a=0/05).

Key words: impulsive sensation-seeking, humor, religious attitude, death anxiety, students of Shahid Bahonar University-Kerman.

 

 

The Effect of Islamic Multi-dimensional Therapy on Students' Depression and Self-esteem

Mahnaz Mehraabizadeh Honarmand* , Seyyed Ismail Hashimi** Soodabeh Basaknezhad***

Abstract

The present paper investigates the effect of the Islamic multi-dimensional group therapy on the students' depression and self-esteem. 500 students answered Beck's questionnaire on depression and Eysenck's questionnaire concerning self-esteem. Then, 60 students having high depression and low self-esteem were randomly divided into two grouping; experimental and a control (30 students each). The data were analyzed by such statistical indexes like MANCOVA (multivariate analysis of covariance). The results show that the use of Islamic multi-dimensional group therapy can be influential in decreasing students' depression and in increasing their self-esteem. The research data were analyzed by MANCOVA (multivariate analysis of covariance). The research findings show that, when compared with the control group, the Islamic group multi-dimensional therapy was found influential in decreasing the depression of the experimental group and in increasing its self-esteem.

Key words: Islamic multi-dimensional therapy, depression, self-esteem.

 

 

The Theory of Monotheism in Achieving Happiness

Abbas Passandideh*

Abstract

The present paper tries to explain what, according to Islam, the theory of happiness is if we take into account the two-dimensional structure of happiness (i.e. joy and satisfaction) and what things can demonstrate the realization of happiness. The method used in this research is a library survey and relevant Islamic sources such as the Holy Quran and traditions the Infallibles have been identified and studied on the basis of content analysis. The findings show that the theory of happiness in Islam is based on "monotheism", that is, on "monotheistic study of reality" and "conformity with monotheistic facts" related to happiness. According to this theory, happiness is based on the realities ordained by The Most High God and there is a certain way prescribed by The Most High God to achieve it. Knowing these realities and accepting them contribute to people’s "satisfaction" with what The Most High God has ordained because of their belief in the "good nature of such realities", and they bring "joy" to them because the joys which people need are satisfied through divine degree.

Key words: happiness, satisfaction, liveliness, monotheism, monotheistic study of reality, conformity with monotheistic realities, belief-in- God approach to happiness.


*. Assistant professor, IKI. hoseinzadeh@qabas.net

Received: 2011/8/27 – Accepted: 2012/1/5

*. Assistant professor of Psychology Department, IKI. mirderikvandi@qabas.net

Received: 2011/6/6 – Accepted: 2011/11/19

*. MA in general psychology, Tehran University. Naseragha@gmail.com

**. Assistant Professor of Psychology Department, Tehran University.

***. MA in family therapy, Shahid Beheshti University.

Received: 2011/9/6 – Accepted: 2011/12/25

*. MA in Educational Psychology, educational therapist and counselor of Omid Asr Rehabilitation Center. hosseinighomit@yahoo.com

**. Assistant Professor of Counseling Department, 'Allameh Tabatabaii University, and the chairman of Counseling Center of 'Allameh Tabatabaii University.

Received: 2011/8/6 – Accepted: 2011/12/7

*. MA in general psychology. zeinab.vafaei@yahoo.com

**. Assistant professor of psychology Department, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman.

***. Assistant professor of psychology Department, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman.

Received: 2011/6/29 – Accepted: 2011/11/12

* professor of psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahwaz. m_mehrabizadeh@yahoo.com

** MA in clinical psychology.

*** Assistant Professor of psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahwaz.

Received: 2011/7/24 – Accepted: 2011/12/7

* Assistant Professor of Hadith Sciences, College of Hadith Sciences. pasandide@hadith.net

Received: 2011/7/29 – Accepted: 2011/11/31


Table of Contents

The Theory of Monotheism in Achieving Happiness / Abbas Passandideh

The Effect of Islamic Multi-dimensional Therapy on Students' Depression and Self-esteem / Mahnaz Mehraabizadeh Honarmand, Seyyed Ismail Hashimi / Soodabeh Basaknezhad

The Relationship of Impulsive Sensation-Seeking, Humor and Religious Attitude with Death Anxiety / Zeynab Vafaii, Qasem 'Askarizadeh, 'Abbas Rahmati

The Relationship between Religious Orientation and Endurance among the Mothers Having Ailing Children / Tahereh Husseini Qomi, Hussein Salimi Bejestani

Spiritual Intelligence and Subjective Well-Being / Nassir Aqa Babaii, Hojjatollah Farahani, Ali Reza Fazili Mihrabadi

Emotional Intelligence, Its History and Approaches in the View of Religion and Psychology / Rahim Mir Darkivandi

Cognitive Errors and their Role in Dissatisfaction with life / Ali Husseinzadeh

In the Name of Allah

Ravanshenasi va Din Vol.4, No.3

A Quarterly Journal of Psychological inquiry Fall 2011

Concessionary: Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute (IKI)

Manager: Mohammad Naser Saqaie Bi-Ria

Editor in chief:Mohammad Reza Ahmadi

Executive manager: Ahmad Hedayati

Translation of Abstracts: Language Department of IKI

Editorial Board:

ª Hujjat-ul Islam Dr. Mohammad Reza Ahmadi: Assistant Professor, IKI

ª Hujjat-ul Islam Ali Reza Arafi:Associate Professor, Research Institute of Hawza Wa Danishgah

ª Dr. Qulam Ali Afruz: Professor, Tehran University

ª Dr. Muhammad Karim Khoda panahi: Professor, Beheshti University

ª Hujjat-ul Islam Dr. M. J. Zarean: Assistant Professor, Mustafa International University

ª Hujjat-ul Islam Dr. N.Saghaye Biria: Assistant Professor, IKI

ª Hujjat-ul Islam Dr. Abas Ali Shameli: Assistant Professor, Mustafa International University

ª Hujjat-ul Islam Seyyid Muhammad Qaravi: Assistant Professor, Research Institute of Hawza Wa Danishgah

ª Dr. Ali Fathi Ashtiani: Professor, Baqiat Allah Medical University

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