Abstracts

The Relationship between the Religious Treatment
and the Mournful Effects among the Bereaved Students

Marziyeh Sharifi* / Seyyed Ahamd Ahamdi**, Maryam Al-sadat Fatehizadeh***

Abstract
The main aim of the present paper is to study the relationship between the religious treatment and negative and positive mournful effects among the bereaved students. Ninety bereaved students from Isfahan who were selected through available sampling completed Hogan's Grief Reaction Checklist and an Iranian religious treatment scale. The results show that there are significant relationships between the negative and positive mournful effects and the different dimensions of religious treatment, and the component of religious acts can explain %18.2 of the variance of negative effects and %63 of variance of positive effects. Furthermore, students with normal bereavement, compared to those with abnormal bereavement have higher mean scores in religious acts, religious evaluation based on good will, strategies of  active and passive religious treatment and lower mean scores concerning the negative opinion about God. These results can have proper implications in determining the integrative religious-psychological strategies in counseling and in treating the bereavement.

Key words: religious treatment, the mournful effects, bereaved students.

 

An Inquiry into the Predictive Role
of Components of Patience in Students' Aggressive Behavior

Shayesteh Shokoofeh Fard* / Farhad Khormaii**

Abstract
The present paper attempts to study the predictive role of the components of patience in students' aggressive bahavior. To this end, 300 students of Shiraz University were randomly selected as a sample and cluster sampling is used in the study. AQ aggressiveness scale and a questionnaire on patience components were used to gather data. These data were analyzed by correlation coefficients and multiple regression analysis. The results show that there is a negative and significant relationship between the components of patience and aggressive behavior at the level of p=0.0, and the increase in patience accounts of the decrease in aggressive behavior. There is a significant relationship between each of the components of patience and aggressiveness.

Key words: the components of patience, aggressiveness.

 

The Negative and Positive Opinion about God and Its Relationship with Students' Self-Esteem and Mental Health

Zahra Khaksari* / Zohrah Khosravi**

Abstract
The present paper seeks to study the relationship of the negative and positive opinion about God with self-esteem and mental health. 300 students in different fields of study were selected and simple random sampling was used in this research. They completed Coopersmith's self-esteem inventory and a questionnaire on mental health(G.H.Q.28). The data were analyzed by such statistical indicators like "correlation", "multi-variable variance", and "step by step regression". The results show that there is a positive correlation between the positive opinion about God, mental health and self-esteem. Furthermore, the results of "step by step regression" test showed that the first determining factor in predicting mental health is self-esteem and the second is the negative opinion about God.

Key words: God, opinion, self-esteem, mental health

 

The Relationship between Personal Characteristics Traits, Religious Orientation, and Death Obsession: a causal model survey

Ali Isazadegan* / Hamzeh Salmanpoor** / Abulfazl Qasimzadeh Alishahi***

Abstract
The aim of the present paper is exploring the relationship between personal characteristics and death obsession in the light of the intermediary role of religious orientation. To this end, 484 people(246 female and 238 male) were selected and a random stratified sampling was used in the research. Within a group a death obsession Scale (DOS), religious orientation questionnaire and Neo five-factor questionnaire personality were completed. The reliability and validity of these questionnaires have been ensured. The results of applying Pearson coefficient show that the constituents of religious orientation (internal and external), personal characteristics, (neurosis, adjustment, openness to experiment, extroversion, and accountability) and death obsession (death rumination, death dominance, repeated and death) thoughts about are two-by-two  correlated (p<0.01). after conducting the Structural Equational Modeling for the test, the relationship between personal characteristics and death obsession was known by means of the intermediary variable of religious orientation. The proposed model enjoys good features and death obsession was predicted and explained by the testable dimension of personality and religious orientation. (GFI=0.91) and (RSMEA=0.06)

Key words: personal characteristics, religious orientation, death obsession, causal model.

 

Determining the Effectiveness of Teaching the Strategies for Coping Stress with and Islamic Mantra on the Level of Exam Anxiety among the Students in High School for Girls in Tonekabon

Shahnam Abulqasimi */ Mozhdeh Sa'eedi**

Abstract
The present paper tries to compare the effectiveness of teaching the  strategies for coping with stress and Islamic mantra on the level of exam anxiety among the students in the high schools for girls in Tonekabon. Sixty female students were selected through simple cluster sampling and randomly divided into two experimental groups and one control group. All the three groups completed a questionnaire on exam stress as the pretest. The strategies for coping with stress and Islamic mantra were taught to the experimental groups within eight sixty-minute sessions and then all the three groups completed the questionnaire on exam stress. The data analysis show that there is a significant difference between the experimental groups and the control group and there is a difference between the effectiveness of teaching the strategies for coping with stress and Islamic mantra - in comparison with control group- on decreasing the level of exam anxiety among the students of the high schools for girls in Tonekabon. This difference which is in favour of the groups that were thought the strategies for coping with Islamic mantra and stress. Has its effect on decreasing the exam anxiety of the students of the high schools for girls in Tonekabon.

Key words: teaching strategies for coping with stress, teaching Islamic mantra, exam anxiety.

 

An Inquiry into the Obstacles in the Way of Psychology and Counseling Students' Inclination towards Islamic Approach: a Qualitative Research

'Abbas Shakiba* / Rizwan al-Sadat Jazayeri** / Mas'ood Azarbayjani***

Abstract
The present paper seeks to shed light on the obstacles in the way of psychology and counseling students' inclination towards Islamic approach. A semi-structured interview was conducted with thirty students and five professors in the Department of counseling and psychology in Isfahan University for the purpose of pursuing the objective of this research. They were selected according to an available sampling. Qualitative content analysis and QSR NVivo software were used for analyzing the data. The data analysis data gathered from the interviews with the responders have two general headings and eleven categories. They are as follows: 1- intra-personal factors including four categories such as students' general reluctance to discuss new issues; 2- extra-personal factors including seven categories such as lack of educational and research resources.
No doubt, knowing the obstacles in the way of psychology and counseling students' inclination towards using Islamic approach helps to establish a proper procedure for encouraging  students to adopt the Islamic approach.

Key words: psychology, counseling, students, Islamic approach, qualitative research, NVivo.

 

The Effectiveness of Religion-Based Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy along with Relearning Forgiveness on the Decrease of Marital Problems and Increase of Spouses' Life Satisfaction

Najmah Hamid* / Rahim Koochaki** / Lida Hayatbakhsh Malayeri***

Abstract
The aim of the present paper is to study the effectiveness of religion-based cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy along with relearning forgiveness on the decrease of marital problems and increase of spouses' life satisfaction. The research uses an experimental method with pretest, post-test, control group and follow-up period. The statistical population includes 30 spouses who were randomly divided  through an available sampling into two group experimental and control. The experimental group took a twelve-session course on religion-based cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy along with relearning forgiveness, whereas the control group did not take such a course. After having conducted the aforementioned intervention, it was found that the rate of marital  problem among the experimental group compared with pre-test period and the control group decreased significantly (p<0.001), and the life satisfaction of this group increased (p<0.001). Furthermore, these results remained stable in the follow-up period.

Key words: religion-based cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy,   relearning forgiveness, marital problems, life satisfaction.


* MA student of family counseling, Isfahan University                       msharifi.flj@gmail.com
**
professor of counseling department, Isfahan University
*** Associate professor of counseling department, Isfahan University
Received: 2012/4/3 - Accepted: 2012/7/3

* MA student of clinical psychology of children and youngsters, Shahid Beheshti University. sh.shokoufefard@gmail.com
**
Assistant professor of clinical psychology, Shiraz University         khormaee_78@yahoo.com
Received: 2012/7/4 - Accepted: 2012/9/10

* Faculty member of Minab Azad Islamic University, (instructor).       zahra_khaksari@yahoo.com
**
Faculty member of Al-Zahra University (associate professor).                 zohreh_khosravi@yahoo.com
Received: 2012/2/23 - Accepted: 2012/8/11

* Assistant professor of Orumiyyah University, literature and human sciences college    Ali_Issazadeg@yahoo.com
**
Faculty member of Naqadeh Azad Islamic University
*** PhD student                                                          Received: 2011/9/18 - Accepted: 2012/7/15

* Assistant professor of Tonekabon Azad Islamic University.   Dr_shahnam_Abolghasemi@Yahoo.com
** MA student of general psychology, Tonekabon Azad Islamic University
Received: 2012/1/5 - Accepted: 2012/4/30

* MA student of family counseling, Isfahan University                        hamid.shakiba@gmail.com
** Assistant professor of counseling department, Isfahan University
*** Assistant professor of Seminary and University research center, Qom
Received: 2011/12/28 - Accepted: 2012/7/3

* Associate professor of clinical psychology,  psychology and educational sciences college, Ahwaz Shahid Chamran University (the author responsible for writing).                   N.Hamid@Scu.ac.ir
** MA student of family counseling, Ahwaz Shahid Chamran University.
*** MA student of family counseling, Ahwaz Shahid Chamran University.
Received: 2012/2/19 - Accepted: 2012/5/31