Identity Styles and Religious Self-Regulation

Mahdi Sargazi*, Zahra Nikmanesh**


The present study tries to answer the question whether identity styles can predict religious self-regulation styles?  346 pre-university students (aged 18 to 21) from Zahidan were selected for this study through cluster sampling. A questionnaire on religious self-regulation (SRQ-R) and a questionnaire on identity style inventory (ISI-6G) were used in this research. Pearson Correlation test and stepwise regression were used to analyze the data. The research findings indicate that normative identity and confusion/avoidant identity styles can predict the introjected religious self-regulation identity. Also, normative identity and information identity can predict self acceptance and religious self-regulation style.

Key words: normative identity style, information identity style, confusion/avoidant identity style, introjected religious self-regulation style, self acceptance religious self-regulation style



The Role of Religious life in Spouses' Marital Satisfaction

Jawad Moslehi*, Mohammad Reza Ahmadi**


The present research was conducted with the aim of investigating the role of spouses' religious commitment as an influential factor in marital satisfaction. To this end, 116 spouses from the students of Bujnoord University and from Imam Khomeini Institute who had been married for more than one year were chosen for this research in which the questionnaires of Islamic marital satisfaction and religious commitment were used. The data analysis indicates that the marital satisfaction in the case when both spouses are committed to religion, the marital satisfaction is higher than when only one of them is committed to religion and the marital satisfaction in the case when one of them is committed to religion is higher than when neither of them is committed to religion. Therefore, it can be said that commitment to religion has a significant role in marital satisfaction.

Key words: marital satisfaction, religious commitment, religious life, spouses.



The Relationship of Spiritual Intelligence and Spiritual Well-being  with Life Quality and Marital Satisfaction

Arezoo Husseindokht*, Ali Fathi Ashtiyani**, Mohammad Ehsan Taqizadeh***


The present research aims at determining the relationship of spiritual intelligence and spiritual well-being with life quality and marital satisfaction among men and women. The sample includes 320 personnels of hospitals in Maraghah City who were chosen through cluster sampling. King's spiritual intelligence self-report inventory, Paloutzian and Ellison's inventory of spiritual well-being, World Health Organization's inventory of life quality and Enrich marital satisfaction inventory were used to gather data. The results were analyzed by statistical methods, correlation coefficient, regression coefficient and the test for comparing independent means. The research finding is that the relationship of spiritual intelligence and spiritual well-being with life quality and marital satisfaction is positive and significant. Therefore, we can conclude that spiritual intelligence consists of a number of abilities and capacities which make use of spiritual sources for increasing individual's well-being and flexibility.

Key words: spiritual intelligence, spiritual well-being, life quality, marital satisfaction.




The Role of Conception of God and Religious Identity in the Meaning of Life

Fatimah Khakshoor*, Baghir Qobaribonab**, Fatimah Shahabizadeh***


The present research aims at providing a model for the meaning of life in the light of conception of God, taking into consideration religious commitment and discovery. The sample included 581 students from Azad Islamic and public universities of Birjand City who were chosen through multi-stage cluster sampling and completed the questionnaires on religious identity, conception of God and meaning of life. A structural equation modeling method was used to analyze the data. The research finding is that foreclosure and acquired religious identity intermediate the relationship between the conception of belonging and presence of meaning in life. Furthermore, the confused religious identity mediates between control dimension and the presence of meaning in life. The model shows that control dimension has a direct negative effect and the conception of belonging has direct positive effect on the search for the meaning, and dimension of kindness has only direct positive effect on the presence of meaning in life. The research finding also confirms that the bases of religious identity only predict the presence of meaning in life and kindness has no role in predicting the bases of individuals' identity.

Key words: meaning of life, conception of God, religious identity.



Religious Orientation, Religious Beliefs and Belief in Social Justice among Pedagogical Pedagogues

Babak Shamshiri*, Fariba Khoshbakht**, Mahmonir Iranpoor***


The present research aims at investigating the relationship between religious orientation, religious beliefs and belief in social justice among pedagogical pedagogues. To this end, 180 pedagogues (132 female and 48 male) completed three questionnaires on religious orientation, religious belief, and belief in social justice. Religious orientation with two dimensions-internal and external-, religious beliefs with four dimensions- sin, self-centered love, other-centered love and conventional love- and belief in social justice with a total score have been dealt with in this research. The research findings indicate that people with internal religious orientation and people with other-centered love have more firm belief in social justice. Furthermore, both kinds of religious orientation predicted all four kinds of religious belief positively and significantly. In other words, those pedagogues who look for religion for the sake of religion itself have deeper belief in social justice. On the contrary, pedagogues who have an instrumental and purposeful view of religion do not believe in social justice as required.

Key words: religious orientation, religious belief, belief in social justice, pedagogical pedagogues.



The Effectiveness of Remembrance of God on Self-Control according to Islamic Sources

Rahim Naru'ii*, Ali Mohammad Salehi**, Qolamreza Jandaqi***


The aim of the present research is to study effectiveness of remembrance of God on self-control on the basis of Islamic sources. It is a semi-experimental study with pretest- posttest and control group. Its statistics population includes male and female students from Qom Seminary for the academic year of 1391- 1392 (2012-2013). The sample includes 50 seminary students (30 male and 30 female) who were divided into experimental group and control group as available sample. Rafi'ihonar's questionnaire about self-control was used to measure the variables. An independent variable which was a researcher-made invocation package was presented to experimental group for three weeks. The SPSS software, t-test, and covariance analysis were used to analyze the data. The research finding is that remembrance of God raises the level of individuals' self-control.

Key words:  remembrance of God, self-control, Islamic sources



The Effectiveness of Islamic Ontology Teachings on Increasing  the Level of Marital Satisfaction among Married Women

Yasir Rezapoor Mirsaleh*, Ma'soomeh Ismaili**, Kiyoomars Farahbakhsh***


The present research which is a semi-experimental study having pretest, posttest, control group, and follow-up seeks to demonstrate the effectiveness of Islamic ontology teachings on increasing the level of marital satisfaction among married women. To this end, 24 individuals were randomly chosen from clients of Bab al-Hawa'j Counseling Center in Meybud City. They were divided into experimental group and control group. The experimental group was provided with ten 90-minute training sessions on Islamic ontology teachings for five weeks but the control group received no training. Both groups completed the short form of Enrich Marital Satisfaction Scale at three different periods: before the experiment, immediately after the experiment and a month after the experiment. Having analyzed the data, the research finding confirms that Islamic ontology teachings have significant effect on increasing the level of marital satisfaction of participants in experimental group. This increase was also observed in the follow-up stage. We conclude that providing spouses with religious teachings based on Islamic ontology is a proper way of increasing their marital satisfaction.

Key words: effectiveness, Islamic ontology, marital satisfaction.


* MA in general psychology,  Sistan and Bluchestan University                         mehdisargazi@gmail.com

** Associate professor of psychology department, Sistan and Bluchestan University zahranikmanesh@yahoo.com

Received: 2013/02/08 - Accepted: 2013/06/26

* MA of psychology, Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute      javadmoslehi1@Gmail.com

** Assistant professor in Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute m.r.Ahmadi313@Gmail.com

Received: 2012/11/10 - Accepted: 2013/03/15

* MA student in Tehran Payam-e-Noor University                                    arezoohoseindokht@gmail.com

** professor of Baqiyyatallah medical sciences University                                        afa1337@gmail.com

*** Assistant professor of psychology department, Tehran Payam-e-Noor University metaghizadeh@yahoo.com

Received: 2013/01/29 - Accepted: 2013/05/29

* MA in clinical psychology, Birjand Azad Islamic University                      khakshoor_135@yahoo.com

** Associate professor of educational sciences college, Tehran University                    bghobari@ut.ac.ir

*** PhD student of Birjand Azad Islamic University                                    f_shahabizadeh@yahoo.com

Received: 2013/02/12 - Accepted: 2013/06/12

* Assistant professor in philosophy of education, Shiraz University           bshamshiri@rose.shirazu.ac.ir

** Assistant professor in educational psychology, Shiraz University             farimah2002us@yahoo.com

*** MA student in History and philosophy of education, Shiraz University iranpoormahmonir@yahoo.com

Received: 2012/12/23 - Accepted: 2013/05/22

* Assistant professor of IKI                                                                                                                      

** MA in psychology, IKI                                                                                       asajad45@yahoo.com

*** Associate professor of Qom Campus                                                                       jandaghi@ut.ac.ir

Received: 2012/12/23 - Accepted: 2013/05/11

* PhD student of counseling department, psychology and educational sciences college, 'Allamah Tabatabaii University


** Assistant professor of counseling department, psychology and educational sciences college, 'Allamah Tabatabaii University

*** Assistant professor of counseling department, psychology and educational sciences college, 'Allamah Tabatabaii University

Received: 2012/03/11 - Accepted: 2013/07/13