The Role of Religious Orientation in the Structure of Personal Identity

Zahra Borj'ali*, Zohreh Khosravi**, Mahsima Poorshahriyari***


The present paper was conducted with the aim of investigating the relationship between religious orientation and personal identity and determining the role of this factor in predicting stable identity. The statistical sample includes 381 university students (133 male and 248 female) who were selected from state universities of Tehran using multi-stage random cluster sampling. The research findings indicate that there is a positive and significant relationship between religious orientation and personal identity (p<0.0005). Based on religious orientation, %23.9 of personal identity can be justified in such a way that both subscales of ethic and beliefs-rites are regarded as significant predictors in determining personal identity. Furthermore, the results showed a significant difference between males and females in terms of religious orientation and personal identity. Females had higher scores than males in the scale of religious orientation and showed more constructed personal identity than males.

Key words: personal identity, religious orientation, ethics, beliefs and rites.

Family's Function and Religious Orientation; Presenting Models of Attitude towards Pre-marriage Relationship and Its Consequences on University Students with and without Relationship with Opposite Sex

Reyhaneh Dehqan Tanha*, Muhsen Ayati**, Fatimah Shahabizadeh***


The present paper seeks to provide a model of pre-marriage relationship in relation to family's function and religious orientation among the students of Birjand Azad Islamic University. To this end, 500 students were selected, who completed Allport's religious orientation scale, Olson's scale of family's function, Kurdlu's scale of attitude towards pre-marriage relationship and the scale of consequences of pre-marriage relationship. The results of path analysis show that family members' cohesion indicates negative attitude towards pre-marriage relationship indirectly by decreasing external religious orientation and directly by increasing internal religious orientation. This cohesion also indicates positive attitude towards pre-marriage relationship only through increasing internal religious orientation. Furthermore, family members' cohesion indicates indirectly high score in anxiety relationship and low score in relationship with God by decreasing external religious orientation, and indicates anxiety caused by pre-marriage relationship only by increasing internal religious orientation. In addition, internal and external religious orientation increases anxiety caused by relationship with opposite sex.

Key words: attitude towards pre-marriage relationship, family's function, religious orientation.


The Role of Self-knowledge Processes and Big Personality Traits in Moral Virtues

Mohammad Taqi Tabik*, Nima Qorbani**, Seyyed Mohammad Reza Rezazadeh***


The present paper seeks to study the role of self-knowledge processes and big five personality traits in moral virtues. 315 university students completed following questionnaires: international personality item pool questionnaire, questionnaire of five big traits, short scale of self-control, the scale of integrative self-knowledge and questionnaire of moral virtues. The research findings show that virtues have positive correlation with big five personality traits (extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism and openness to experience) self-control and integrative self-knowledge. Agreeableness and integrative self-knowledge are the strongest and conscientiousness is the weakest correlates of virtues. Furthermore, the intermediary role of integrative self-knowledge in the relationship between personality and virtues is proven but intermediate role of self-control is not proven. The research shows that the relationship between some personality traits and moral virtues are stronger than that of other personality traits. The research findings supports the idea that self-knowledge has intermediary role between personality and moral virtues.

Key words: personality, integrative self-knowledge, self-control, moral virtue, positive psychology.

An Inquiry into the Relationship between Power Structure in Family and Its Effectiveness

Mohammad Zare'i Toopkhaneh*, Mas'ood Janbozorgi**, Mohammad Reza Ahmadi Mohammadabadi***


The present paper seeks to study the relationship between the structure of power distribution and its effectiveness in family in the view of Islamic teachings. The statistical universe includes all female teachers of Noorabad City in Lorestan Province. The sample includes 205 female teachers who were selected through cluster sampling. The research tools are a questionnaire with 79 items on family effectiveness and a questionnaire with 36 items on power structure in family. The results show that there is a positive and significant relationship between power structure in family and its effectiveness. Furthermore, gynecocratic (feminine) structure is the least effective structure among four structures (gynecocratic, democratic-gynecocratic, democratic (androcentric) masculine and androcentric). Democratic masculine structure is the most effective structure. The results of data analysis show that power structure in family justifies %9.1 of variance of family function. The research findings provide a clear explanation for previous different findings and are along with power structure based on Islamic teachings.

Key words: power structure, family, effectiveness of family.

The Effectiveness of Family Therapy Based on Behavioral-Cognitive Religion-based Model on Family's Function and Male Students' Academic Performance in Ahwaz

Najmeh Hamid*, Shobo Weiis**, Fatimah Sajjadi***


The present paper seeks to investigate the effectiveness of family therapy based on behavioral-cognitive religion-based model on high school male students' maladjustment and academic performance. Using available sampling, 40 spouses were selected from those who visited the researcher in his/her specialized clinic for family counseling and to solve family conflicts. The results show that there is a significant difference between experiment and control group in terms of family's function and students' adjustment and academic performance (p<0.001). Family's function in experiment group increased significantly in comparison to pretest and control group. Furthermore, the rate of students' behavioral adjustment and academic performance increased significantly in experiment group in comparison to pretest and control group. The research findings indicate that family therapy based on cognitive-behavioral religion-based model improves family's function and male high school students' adjustment and academic performance in Ahwaz.

Key words: family therapy, religion-based cognitive-behavioral model, family's function, students' adjustment, academic performance.

Reconstruction of an Integrated Scale for Spiritual Intelligence: Reliability, validation, Review of Factor structure and Production of Parallel Versions

Hassan Boland*, Fatimah Shaterian Mohammadi**


The present paper seeks to find a valid, reliable, flexible and researchable tool in terms of spiritual intelligence and spiritualistic approach. To this end, the short version of "integrated spiritual intelligence scale" was chosen and translated into Persian. Then it was distributed among 414 university students (275 female and 139 male) in Gilan University, who were selected through multi-stage cluster sampling. The results of principal components analysis by varimax and promax rotation with the criterion of "high recognition ability and pure factor loading and higher than 0.40" proved the value of 40 items to be contributed in the body of final scale. So, seven factors (internal-based orientation, pious hope, openness, meaning-seeking, relationship-orientation, internal stability and adjustment) were obtained, which justified %48 of variance of whole questionnaire. Using t-scores, the norm and cut amplitude of target scale with 40 items were determined and two parallel versions with 20 items, comparable statistical parameters and psychometric features, and similar factor loads were developed.

Key words: spirituality, spiritual intelligence, integrated spiritual intelligence scale, validity, factor structure, reliability, parallel versions, cut amplitude.


Construction and Determination of Psychometric Features of Father's Educational role in the View of Islam

Majid Hemmati */ Ali Fathi Ashtiyani**


The present paper seeks to construct and determine psychometric features of father's educational role in the view of Islam. A questionnaire with 48 items was designed using Quranic verses and Islamic traditions based on which father's educational role was explained and its theoretical components were extracted. A descriptive-survey method is used in this research which was conducted on a sample consisting of 382 high school students from zone 18 in Tehran. The result of construct validity analysis indicated high correlation between items and total score. The reliability of questionnaire was 0.89 based on Cronbach's Alpha and its internal consistency was 0.87 based on Guttman's split half coefficient. The test-retest results, with three week intervals, showed that the correlation was 0.783 at level of 0.01 between test and retest. This questionnaire has desirable validity and reliability to be used in research.

Key words: questionnaire, father's role, Islam, education, psychometric features.

* MA of psychology, medical sciences university of Northern Khorasan                  z_borjali@yahoo.com

** Associate professor of Al-Zahra University                                             zohreh_khosravi@yahoo.com

 *** Assistant professor of Al-Zahra University                                             spourshahriari@hotmail.com

Received: 2013-1-23- Accepted: 2013-7-16

* MA of educational psychology, Birjand Azad Islamic University            reyhane_dehghan@yahoo.com

** PhD of psychology and educational sciences, Birjand Azad Islamic University ayati-Mohsen@yahoo.com

 *** Assistant professor of educational psychology department, Birjand Azad Islamic University


Received: 2012-7-28- Accepted: 2013-1-14

* MA of general psychology, Tehran University                                                           mtabik@gmail.com

** Associate professor of psychology department, Tehran University

 ***Assistant professor of psychology department, Tehran University

Received: 2013-5-19- Accepted: 2013-9-25

* MA of family psychology, IKI                                                                  mohammad358z@yahoo.com

** Assistant professor of research center of seminary and university

*** Assistant professor of psychology department, IKI                               m.r.Ahmadi313@Gmail.com

Received: 2013-2-9- Accepted: 2013-7-27

* Associate professor of clinical psychology department, Shahid Chamran University of Ahwaz n.hamid@scu.ac.ir

** MA of clinical psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahwaz                 shooboo_v@yahoo.com

*** MA of clinical psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahwaz           s.fateme.sajadi@gmail.com

Received: 2013-1-25- Accepted: 2013-6-26

* Assistant professor of counseling and educational sciences department, Gilan University hassanboland@yahoo.com

** Assistant professor of educational psychology, Saveh Azad Islamic University fshaterian@yahoo.com

Received: 2013-3-27- Accepted: 2013-9-11

* MA of psychology, IKI                                                                                 Mava.hemmat@Gmail.com

** Professor of Baqiyyatallah medical sciences university                                         afa1337@gmail.com

Received: 2013-1-13- Accepted: 2013-7-3