Abstracts

The Conceptual Model of the Aspects of Forming a Conception of God through the Most Beautiful Names, as a Basis for the Studies on Islamic Lifestyle and Religious Psychology

 

Hossein Ahmadi Barabadi / Assistant Professor in counseling Bojnord university

Masumeh Esmaili / Associate professor of consulting department, Allamah Tabatabai University

Hossein Salimi Bejestani / Assistant professor of consulting department, Allamah Tabatabai University

Sayyed Mohammad Kalantar Kusheh / Assistant professor of consulting department, Allamah Tabatabai University

Received: 2013/11/24 - Acceopted: 2014/04/27

 

Abstract

The present research, which is a qualitative study based on content analysis, aims to determine the aspects of forming a conception of God through The Most Beautiful Names and present a conceptual model for studies on Islamic lifestyle and religious psychology. For this purpose, the Quranic verses and the well-known prophetic hadith which mentions 99 Names of God have been investigated. The results show that forming a conception of God by referring to The Most Beautiful Names considers two general aspects: first, the names which are realized by observing the Divine Essence taking into consideration none other than Him. Second, the names that refer to relation of God with the world of creation. This relation covers two areas: 1. the area of creation. 2. the area of Divine Command. The first includes the names that are related to creation and general structure of creation .These names are grouped under the headings: knowledge, ability, efficiency, savvy, protection, guidance and dominance. 2. The second includes the names that refer to the lordship of God and the relation between God and creation. These names are grouped under the headings: provider of facilities and interests, remover of obstacles and harms, control and auditing, aid seeking and aid-giving.


Construction and Investigation of Psychometric Characteristics
Scale of Teenagers’ Moral-Islamic Identity

 

Mahnaz Ali Akbari Dehkordi/ Associate Professor of Psychology department, Payam Noor University, Tehran

Farhad Shaghaghi / Associate Professor of Psychology department, Azad University, Abhar

Zahra Mardani Valendani / PhD student and instructor of Psychology, Payam Noor University

Marziyeh Aziziyan / PhD student of educational Psychology, Allamah Tabatabai University

Zahra Asemi / PhD student of Psychology, Payam Noor University

Received: 2014/02/07 - Acceopted: 2014/07/14

 

Abstract

This research is dealing with the validity and reliability of researcher’s made ‘’moral-Islamic identity scale in teenage students’’. Bearing in mind the moral virtues about which one can find a verse or verses in the holy Qur’an, at first a collection of 150 questions were provided. Having achieved the formal validity of the questioner by teachers, the final sample was prepared and put to use 700 students of a high school and art schools in Isfahan were chosen on the basis of cluster sampling. The Cronbach's Alpha coefficient subscales show that teenagers’ moral-Islamic identity is of significant reliability. The results obtained by factorial probatory analyses in investigating the factorial design of measurement show that the seven factors show the variance 49.07. Also the indexes of factorial analysis show how well this model fits to moral-Islamic identity. Regarding the fact that all the questions of moral identity scale are based on certain verses of the holy Qur’an, they are the suitable means for measuring the established moral traits in Islam.

Key words: psychometric, moral-Islamic identity, teenager


Development and Validation of a Questionnaire to Measure Women’s Adherence to the Teachings of Islam about Treatment of Spouses

 

Seyed Abolfazl Ghodousi / MA in Family Psychology/ IKI

Mohammad Reza Ahmadi / assistant professor of Psychology, IKI

Sadeq Karimzadeh / Assistant professor of Education department, IKI

Received: 2014/09/17 - Acceopted: 2015/03/14

 

Abstract

This study aims to develop and validate a questionnaire to measure Women’s adherence to the teachings of Islam about treatment of spouses. Using content analysis, the teachings of Islam about treatment of spouses (related to women) were extracted .evaluation of content validity, construct validity and reliability tests were carried out through survey research via cluster sampling of a statistical population consisting of 374 married women from Isfahan. According to experts, 80 out of 123 originally proposed items had high content validity. In construct validity, using factor analysis, six factors were extracted. The index of sampling adequacy (0 .847) and Bartlett test results showed that the sample size is appropriate for factor analysis. Positive and meaningful correlation of each item of the questionnaire with the total score on the questionnaire as well as positive and meaningful correlation between each factor and the whole questionnaire indicated acceptable construct validity through internal consistency. Based on Spearman - Brown coefficient, Guttman split-half coefficient and parallel forms correlation, internal consistency in the experimental stage and the final stage is meaningful. Alpha coefficient of the first half and the second half in the final stage was 0. 839 and 0.018 respectively. In a sample of 31 participants, the correlation coefficient of test - retest at an interval of one month was 0.927at a significance level of 0.001. Hence the questionnaire has good reliability and validity.

Key words: adherence of women, teachings on treatment of spouses, questionnaire, reliability and validity.


Comparing Spiritual Well-Being, Psychological Well-Being and Family Efficiency among University and Seminary Students

 

Ja’far Hushyari / Phd student of Quran and psychology Al_Mostafa university

Mohammad Mahdi Safooraii Parizi / Assistant professor at Jame’at al-mostafa Al-alamieh

Beheshteh Newsha / assistant professor at Azad University of Saveh

Received: 2014/10/30 - Acceopted: 2015/04/09

 

Abstract

This study was a survey aimed at comparing the spiritual well-being, psychological well-being and efficiency of family among university and seminary students. The statistical population consisted of male and female, married graduate and postgraduate students of universities and Level 2 and 3 seminaries in Qom. 391 participants were selected through convenient sampling. In this study, three questionnaires of spiritual well-being, psychological well-being and family efficiency were used. Data were analyzed through measures of central tendency, measures of dispersion and multivariate analysis of compare means test using SPSS software. The results showed that there is a significant difference in the mean score of spiritual well-being, psychological well-being and family efficiency of university and seminary students (P ≤ 0. 05).

Key words: spiritual well-being, psychological well-being, efficiency, family, university students, seminary students.


A Survey on the Difference between Marital Conflict, Illogical Beliefs, Early Maladaptive(Primary Non-adaptation) Schemas and Religious Fidelity of Parents Who have One and Multi-Child

 

Abbas Ali Haratiyan / PhD student of psychology, Hauzah & University Research Center

Seyyed Abbas Satorian / PhD student of psychology, IKI

Mohammad Zare’i / PhD student of psychology, Hauzah & University Research Center

Mas’ood Janbozorgi / Associate professor of Hauzah & University Research Center

Mozhgan Agah Haris / Assistant Professor of Payam Noor University, Garmsar

Received: 2013/12/14 - Acceopted: 2014/06/02

 

Abstract

This is a research work of a causal-comparative kind which was accomplished in order to investigate the difference between marital conflict, illogical beliefs, early maladaptive (primary non- adaptational) schema and religious fidelity of parents of single child and multi-children. The research information (469 married subjects) was collected among the married people from Semnan on the basis of the multi-stage random-sampling. The participants have answered questionnaires’ items of marital conflict, illogical beliefs, early maladaptive (primary non-adaptational) schema and religious fidelity. The test’s results of the only way analytical variance test (ANOVA) suggest that the difference between degrees of above variations among two groups of parents of one child and multi-children is meaningfully significant. Therefore, it can be said the people with more religious fidelity and less illogical items and beliefs have more tendencies toward having multi children. Furthermore, multi child’s parents have a less marital conflict experience than those who have only one child.

Key words: marital conflict, illogical beliefs, early maladaptive (primary non- adaptational) schemas, religious fidelity and multi children.


The Role of Emotional and Spiritual Intelligence
in Explaining Negative Emotional Modes

 

Yosef Reza Poor / Assistant professor of education department, Tabriz University

Behzad Shalchi / Assistant professor of psychology department, Shahid Madani University, Azarbayjan

Mehrnaz Dadkhah / MA Student of psychology, Tabriz University

Yosef Zaeinivand / MA Student of Women studies, Tehran University

Received: 2013/03/16 - Acceopted: 2014/07/23

 

Abstract

The aim of this research is to investigate the role of emotional and spiritual intelligence in explaining negative emotional modes. This study is a kind of a correlation kind which has been conducted on a sample of 589 students. The students were taken apart in research by answering the scale of depression, anxiety and stress, the trait meta mood scale, and spiritual Intelligence Scale of King. The results show that, the dimensions of emotional and spiritual intelligence are able to interpret the negative emotional modes. To investigate the extent to which of the suggested model fit to the collected data, AGFI, CFI, RMSEA, X/df, X, GFI and RMR were calculated and shown that the suggested model has is of acceptable degrees of fit to the data.

Key words: emotional intelligence, spiritual intelligence, negative emotional modes.


 

Prediction of Professional Maturity Based on Identity and Religiosity Styles of Students at Allameh Tabatabaii University

 

Tayyebe Madanyfar / MA in Career Counseling, Allameh Tabatabaii University

Kiyoomars . farahbakhsh / assistant professor at Allameh Tabatabaii University

Mahmoud Golzari / assistant professor at Allameh Tabatabaii University

Received: 2014/04/28 - Acceopted: 2014/09/03

 

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between identity and religiosity and professional maturity among students. Using multistage cluster sampling, 400 students of Allameh Tabatabaii University were selected in the academic year 93-92. They responded to the three questionnaires of Berzonsky’s identity styles inventory (ISI-6G) (1998), upholding religious beliefs (temple) Golzari (1379), and Savykas and Porfeli’s professional maturity (2011).

Results showed that there is a significant positive relationship between identity and religiosity styles and professional maturity at p<0.01. Commitment of identity is the main predictor (positive) and disoriented / avoiding identity styles are the negative predictors of professional maturity. Religiosity in the obligatory duties predicts professional maturity. In addition, the normative identity style and commitment of identity play a significantly positive role in the prediction of religiosity and its dimensions. The results of this study can be used for finding strategies for enrichment of the youth’s identity through deepening their religious beliefs, as well as training and improving their professional maturity.

Key words: professional maturity, religiosity, identity styles, university students.


The Relationship of the Degree of Adherence to Religious Beliefs and Religious Orientation with Happiness among Female Students

 

Farideh Hossaein Sabet / Assistant professor of the general and clinical psychology department, University of Allamah Tabatabai

Mehrnosh Mo’meni poor / MA Student of general psychology, University of Allamah Tabatabai

Received: 2014/02/28 - Acceopted: 2014/08/26

 

Abstract

The aim of this research is to investigate the relationship of adherence to religious beliefs and religious orientation with happiness among female students. To achieve the research purpose, 247 female students were chosen from the public universities in Tehran on the basis of the common sampling method. Every student completed Oxford questionnaire about happiness, religious orientation of Allport and Ross and adherence to the religious beliefs (temple 1). An investigation of the relationship between the variables and Pearson correlation coefficient shows that there is a positive and meaningful relation between happiness and degree of adherence to religious beliefs and all their tests and between happiness and inner religious orientation and that there is a negative and meaningful relation between happiness and outer religious orientation. The multi variate regression analysis based on inter method, shows that the mini tests performing duties has a positive relationship and adherence to religious activities has a negative relationship with happiness. It seems that religion gives meaning to man’s life and directs him towards an agreeable life.

Key words: adherence to religious beliefs, religious orientation, happiness.