Abstracts

The Effectiveness of Meta-cognition Therapy  with an Islamic Approach in Treating the People with Post-traumatic Tenseness

 

Nasir Abedini / PhD student of psychology, the research center of seminary and university

                                                                                              nasirabedini@gmail.com

Ali Fathi Ashtiani / Professor of clinical psychology, Tarbiat Modarres University         afa1337@gmail.com

Mas`ud Janbozorgi / Associate professor of psychology, the research center of seminary and university

                                                                              psychjan@gmail.com

Mohammad Reza Salari Far / Assistant professor of psychology, the research center of seminary and university

Received: 2016/08/22 – Accepted: 2017/01/10                                             msalarifar@rihu.ac.ir

Abstract

The purpose of this study is analyzing the effectiveness of meta-cognition therapy with an Islamic approach in treating the people with post-traumatic tenseness (caused by car accident). To do this, a single-case experimental design with multiple baselines and a follow up were used. Three people were chosen by the method of purposive sampling. 3 to5 weeks baseline were considered for each of the participants. Using the revised scale of impact of the event (IES-R), depression questionnaire (BDI-II) and anxiety questionnaire (BAI) in the baseline, treatment sessions and two months after the end of the treatment (follow-up), the analysis was done. The findings show that all three references showed a significant reduction in the score rates of the symptoms of post-traumatic tenseness, depression and anxiety. Consequently, it is understood that the meta-cognitive therapy with an Islamic approach is an effective short term therapy to reduce the symptoms of post-traumatic tenseness.

Keywords: meta-cognitive therapy with an Islamic approach, post-traumatic tenseness, depression, anxiety.


An Explanation on the Differences of Human`s Behavior in the Realm of Islamic Paradigm in Comparison with Other Psychological Approaches

Mohammad Reza Ahmadi / Assistant professor of psychology, IKI                  m.r.Ahmadi313@Gmail.com

Received: 2016/09/25 – Accepted: 2017/03/12

 

Abstract

The present paper aims at explaining the differences of human`s behavior in the realm of Islamic paradigm in comparison with other psychological approaches. To this end, Islamic sources, such as holy Quran and narrations as well as psychological approaches were analyzed. Using a descriptive -analytic method, the preliminary findings were analyzed. The findings show that psychologists want to discover the rules that govern mental organizations. However each psychologist dealt with human`s behavior by ontological, anthropological, axiological, epistemological and methodological assumptions. Due to this, the followers of different paradigms, even the people of the paradigm have some conflicting views on a certain topic. This indicates the fact that scientific statements of the psychologists are paradigmatic. The compliance with the psychological statements or the psychologists` finding about the subject is in relationship with the compliance with paradigmatic components. Explaining human`s behavior within the framework of Islamic behavior can: 1. Be different with the psychological findings, 2. Psychological findings in the framework of Islamic paradigm have more validity. Because this paradigm is based on revealed sources.

Key words: human`s behavior, Islamic paradigm, Islamic psychology.


An Inquiry into the Perceived Spiritual Identity among Muslim Iranian University students

Elaheh Hejazi / professor of psychology, state University of Tehran                            ehejazi@ut.ac.ir

Narges Lari / PhD student of educational psychology, state University of Tehran      narjes.lari@gmail.com

Received: 2015/05/05 – Accepted: 2015/10/13

Abstract

The purpose of the present study is to describe the perceived spiritual identity among Muslim Iranian university students. To this end, by theoretical sampling method, 20 students (between 18 to 29 years old) were chosen from University of Tehran and were interviewed individually. The data were analyzed based on grounded theory design. The findings show that spiritual identity, at the early adulthood, could be classified on five components: cognitive cores of spirituality (belief on transcendent power, life purposefulness, compensation, essence, religion), transcendent relational with the elements (relationship with God, the infallibles, others, self and nature) and valued-moral behavior, stewardship and mission, and religious traditions. Based on the findings, we can define spiritual identity as a conscious and unconscious relation with the world based on cognitive cores of spirituality that creates a dynamic selection of moral –valued behavior, purposeful life and commitment to religious traditions.

Key words: spiritual identity, beginning of adulthood, grounded theory.


An Inquiry into Family Function from the Viewpoint of the Holy Quran (verse 21, chapter Rome) Among the Women Seeking Divorce and those not Seeking Divorce in Arak city

Elaheh Salimi / M.A.  in family counseling, faculty of psychology and educational sciences, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, Iran.                                                                           e_salimi84@yahhoo.com

Mohammad Kalantarkousheh / Ph.D. assistant professor of counseling, department of counseling, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, Iran.

Mahmoud Golzari / Ph.D. associate professor of clinical psychology, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, Iran.                                                                                        mahmoud.golzari@gmail.com

Received: 2015/03/18 – Accepted: 2015/08/01

Abstract

Three family functions from the perspective of Qur'an are tranquility, amity, and mercy. Couple`s functioning based on these three dimensions seem to have a great impact on marital satisfaction and divorce rates. Using content analysis and semi-structured interviews among women in Arak city in the year 1393, this descriptive study was performed. The sampling method was purposeful and sample size was 24 patients, of whom 12 women were seeking divorce and 12 women were not.

The results of study showed that women seeking divorce were scored lower in satisfaction of sexual and basic needs in tranquility dimension, verbal and non-verbal expressions of love in amity dimension, and cooperation, participation and forgiveness in mercy dimension than women who were not seeking divorce.

The more couples act effectively in tranquility, amity, and mercy dimensions, the more they will experience a better and more organized relationship which decreases the rate of divorce and marital conflicts.

Keywords: family functioning, from the view point of Quran, tranquility, amity, mercy, women seeking divorce.


Antisocial Personality; Temperament, Styles of Parenting and Early Maladaptive Schemas

Ali Asgari/ M.A. of family psychology, IKI                                                         a.asgari8853@gmail.com

Nader Monirpoor/ Assistant professor of health psychology, Azad University of Qom

                                                                       monirpoor1357@yahoo.com

Hamid Reza Hassan Abadi/ assistant professor of educational psychology, Kharazmi University

Received: 2015/12/02 – Accepted: 2016/05/07

Abstract

The aim of this study is to evaluate the model explanation of antisocial personality disorder based on early maladaptive schemas, styles of parenting and temperament. A total of 412 University students (244 male and 168 female) from the Universities of Qom were chosen through multistage cluster sampling. They completed the (MCMI-III) inventory, Young Schema Questionnaire (YSQ-SF), Young parenting style inventory (YPI), Temperament Cloninger inventory (TCI). Then the findings examined by using LISREL software and SPSS to the exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory and structural equation. Reliability and validity confirmation and the general structure of the proposed model, the sample was appropriate and satisfactory fit indices. Among the models that model proposed to determine the direct effect of parenting styles and dimensions of temperament and schema was approved and mediation schema model explaining the effect of parenting styles and temperament was not confirmed. The mediation of early maladaptive schemas was not fixed in explaining antisocial personality disorder through the temperament, parenting styles. But the explanation of antisocial personality disorder was directly demonstrated by temperament, parenting styles and schemas.

Key words: antisocial personality, early maladaptive schemas, parenting styles, temperament and structural equation model.


The Relationship between Attachment to God and Marital Satisfaction with Mediating Role of Marital Spirituality and Spiritual Well- Being of Female Employees of Administrative Offices in Ahvaz

Abbas Amanollahi/ Assistant professor of counseling, Shaid Chamran University, Ahvaz

                                                                                         abas_amanelahi@yahoo.com

Maryam Heidarian/ M.A. of counseling, Shaid Chamran University, Ahvaz

Yousef Ali Attari/ / Assistant professor of counseling, Shaid Chamran University, Ahvaz

Received: 2014/11/16 – Accepted: 2015/04/22

 

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between attachment to God and marital satisfaction with mediating role of marital spirituality and spiritual well-being. The subject of this study was married women of administrative personnel offices in Ahvaz.. For examining this model, at first, measures were validated on 103 women that were selected by available sampling method. Then 193 women by same sampling were selected for studying the fitness of model. Participant completed measures of Attachment to God Scale (AGS), Marital Satisfaction (Enrich), Marital Spirituality Scale (MSS) and Spirituality Well-Being Scale (SWBS). Results showed a significant relationship for the direct path analysis from attachment to God to marital spirituality, attachment to God to spirituality well-being, marital spirituality to marital satisfaction, and spirituality well-being to marital satisfaction. In addition for indirect path analysis the result showed that there was relationship between attachment to God and marital satisfaction with the mediating role of marital spirituality and spiritual well- being.

Key words: attachment to God, marital satisfaction, marital spirituality, spiritual well-being.


The Role of Religious Orientation and Personality Traits in Prediction of Personality Disorders of Cluster B

Hossein Naghdi/ Faculty member of Ma`aref department, Shahid Madani University, Azarbayjan

                                                                                          Hosein.naghdi@yahoo.com

Hassan Yaghoubi/ Associate professor of psychology, Shahid Madani University, Azarbayjan

                                                                      yaghoubi.hassan@yahoo.com

Rahim Yousefi/ Assistant professor of psychology, Shahid Madani University, Azarbayjan

Received: 2014/11/30 – Accepted: 2015/04/30                                                          yousefi@azaruniv.edu

Abstract

Religious orientation and personality traits influence the many dimensions of human. The aim of this paper is studying the role of religious orientation and personality traits in prediction of personality disorders of cluster B. For this purpose, 290 students from Shahid Madani University in Azarbaijan were selected by stratified sampling and were assessed by MCMI-III, NEO-FFI, religious orientation scale (ROS) instruments. Data were analyzed by multiple regressions. The results show that turning toward religion is correlated with personality disorders and predicted the symptoms of histrionic, antisocial and borderline personality disorders. Also, openness, agreeableness, extroversion and neuroticism are correlated with personality disorders and the results predicted the symptoms of personality disorders. Religious orientation and personality traits are the influential factors in personality disorders, and can predict the symptoms of personality disorders.

Keywords: religious orientation, personality traits, personality disorders of cluster B.


Investigating the Role of Identity Styles and Religious Beliefs in Explaining Wisdom Structure

Rasool Kord Noghabi/ Associate professor of psychology, Bou Ali Sina University, Hamedan

                                                                                            rkordnoghabi@gmail.com

Safdar Nabizadeh/ M.A. of educational psychology, Bou Ali Sina University, Hamedan

                                                                                                                     nabizadeh.safdar@yahoo.com

Fatemeh Hadadi/ M.A. of educational psychology, Bou Ali Sina University, Hamedan

Received: 2014/10/30 – Accepted: 2015/04/09

Abstract

The aim of present study is to investigate the role of identity styles and religious beliefs in explaining wisdom structure. Method of the present study is descriptive and correlational. Participants in this study were 200 adults with mean age of 37 in governmental and private section (100 males and 100 females). The measure of religious beliefs, identity styles inventory and scale of wisdom test were used as research tools. The results showed the identity styles explain 8 percent of wisdom variance. There are significant correlation between informational Identity Styles and wisdom and cognitive dimension, also reflective dimension had a correlation with informational and normative identity styles and religious participation dimension. The findings also showed significant correlations between affective wisdom dimension and all aspects of religious beliefs.

Key words: wisdom, identity styles, religious beliefs.