Abstracts

The Effect of Self-Examination Skills Training on Moral Commitment and Self-Control among Female Students

 

Karim Savari / Associate Professor of Educational Psychology, PNU                        K_Sevari@pnu.ac.ir

Rasoul Abdipour / MA in Family Counseling, Azad University of Ahvaz                                                 

Received: 2015/03/17 – Accepted: 2015/08/09

Abstract

The present research aims to investigate the efficiency of self-examination skills training on moral commitment and self-control among the female students attending in high schools located in Ahvaz education administration, district 1, at academic year 2013-2104. The sample size was consisted of 40 subjects (20 people assigned to experimental group and 20 people treated as control). They were selected through randomized multistage sampling out of the whole statistical population.  The tools used include Savari’s Self-control Questionnaire (2013) and Sevari’s Moral Commitment Questionnaire (2102). The method was semi-empirical and was conducted as pretest-posttest with control group. The experimental group received an education program for 9 sessions, 90 minutes each (a session in a week). The results from multivariate variance analysis and one-way variance analysis tests showed that the education of self-examination skills was effective on moral commitment and self-control of the students. In this research, the significant level is α=0/05.

Key words: self-examination, moral commitment, self-control.


The Survival Skills Training Based on an Islamic Approach and its Effect on the Depression, Anxiety and Stress among the Women with Chronic Psychiatric Disorders

 

Rasoul Soleimani Najaf Abadi/ MA in clinical psychology, Isfahan University    soleimany.r@gmail.com

Alireza Chubgin/ MA in psychology, Razi University                                   choobginmahmood@gmail

Maryam Ghaderi Najaf Abadi/ MA in psychology, Azad University of Khourasgan              ghaderimesbah@yahoo.com

Mahboobeh Hadadi/ BA in psychology, PNU Isfahan                                     rasol_soleimani@yahoo.com

Received: 2015/03/26 – Accepted: 2015/09/13

Abstract

The present paper is concerned with the survival skills training based on an Islamic approach and its effects on the depression, anxiety and stress among the women with chronic psychiatric disorders. This semi-experimental study is done by pre-test and a post-test. The sample includes the women who visited Parastou Rehabilitation Institute for mental illnesses in Najaf Abad since the winter of 1392. Randomly 24 women were placed in the two groups of experiment and control by the method of available sampling. The results of covariance analysis show that after controlling the scores of pre-tests, there is a significant difference between the scores of depression, anxiety and stress in post-test stage (P<0/01). Based on the research results survival skills with an Islamic approach is effective in decreasing the depression, anxiety and stress among the women with chronic psychiatric disorders and can be used as a medical interferer for these aforementioned cases.

Key words: survival skills, Islamic approach, depression, anxiety, stress, chronic psychiatric disorders.


Conducting a Thorough Test on the Peace of
Mind Brought by Marriage in Islamic Resources

 

Salman Ni`mati/ MA in psychology, IKI                                                          salmannemati@ymail.com

Mohammad Reza Ahmadi/ Assistant professor of psychology, IKI             m.r.Ahmadi313@Gmail.com

Rahim Narouei Nosrati/ Assistant professor of psychology, IKI                     narooeinosrati@Gmail.com

Received: 2014/12/28 – Accepted: 2015/06/23

Abstract

This study aims at conducting a thorough test on spouses’ peace of mind based on Islamic sources. To collect the teachings of Islam, a descriptive method is used. To assess the reliability and validity of the scale, the survey method was used. Along with self-made instruments used in the test, state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI) is used also. Findings indicate that the financing, and satisfying the sexual needs, emotional connection and spouses` faith are four main factors in spouses` peace of mind. Test validity was confirmed by certified experts. The criterion validity by calculating the correlation coefficient with the scale state-trait anxiety scale are significant at the 0.05 level. Construct validity, the correlation of each of the subscales and the total score and subscales correlated with each other desirably. Reliability also runs the tests on a sample of 108 men and Cronbach's alpha of 0.924.

Key words: thorough test, peace of mind, marriage, Islamic sources, the peace brought by marriage.


Optimism and Its Position in Strengthening Family Ties

 

Monireh Sharifi / MA in Quranic sciences, Isfahan University                            sharifi9021@yahoo.com

Azam Parcham / Associate professor of Quranic sciences, Isfahan University                     a.parcham88@yahoo.com

Maryam Sadat Fatehi Zadeh / Associate professor of consulting, Isfahan University                                

Received: 2014/12/14 – Accepted: 2015/05/31                                                        fatehizadeh@gmail.com

Abstract

Nowadays, despite the rapid advancement of technology and welfare, family ties have faltered. They do not have a correct attitude towards events and others` behaviors and pessimistically explore the events around them. Optimism is one of the factors that can stabilize families. The current study aims at analyzing optimism and its aspects and different components, defining its role in stabilizing the families and analyzing the variants related to optimism by reviewing some of the psychological studies and other Islamic sources. The findings show that optimism is based on; paying attention to the positive aspects of life, presenting correct decisions from others` behaviors and expecting good results and positive interpretations. This kind of ideology from the point of Islam is based on monotheism.

Key words: optimism, strengthening family ties, psychology, Islam.


The Simple and Complex Relationship of the Religious Beliefs, Psychological Hardness and Realized Social Support with Post-Traumatic Growth among the People with MS

 

Safoora Salemi/ PhD student of psychology, Chamran University                           s_salemi85@yahoo.com

Alireza Rashidi/ Assistant professor in the department of counceling, Raazi University

Adeleh Zahtab Najafi/ PhD student of psychology, Imam Reza (p.b.u.h) University

Seyyedeh Afroozeh Seyyed Mousavi/ PhD student of psychology, Imam Reza (p.b.u.h) University

Received: 2015/01/05 – Accepted: 2015/05/31

Abstract

The purpose of the present study is to explore the simple and complex relationship of religious beliefs, psychological hardness and realized social support with post-traumatic growth among the people with MS in Tehran. The sample includes 100 people with MS who were chosen by convenience sampling. Religion questionnaire, psychological hardness questionnaire, realized social support multi-faceted scale and post-traumatic growth questionnaire were used. To analyze the data simple correlation coefficient and multi-variant regression were used. The findings show that post-traumatic growth is predictable through the variables of religious beliefs, psychological hardness and realized social support.

Key words: post-traumatic growth, religious beliefs, psychological hardness, realized social support. 


A Comparative Analysis of the Relationship of the Spiritual Intelligence Factors with Anxiety and Depression among High School Students Based on Their Field of Study

 

Tahereh Sohrabian / PhD student in psychology, Lorestan University              ntahmasebipour@yahoo.com

Fazloulah MirdrikVand / Assistant professor of psychology                                    mirfazlolah@yahoo.com

Received: 2015/01/25 – Accepted: 2015/07/20

Abstract

The present study seeks to analyze the relationship between spiritual intelligence factors with anxiety and depression among the students majoring in Islamic sciences and the students of other majors. The sample includes 38 students majoring Islamic sciences and 196 students of other majors who were in the fourth grade of high school in Khorram Abad (district 2). They were chosen by the method of multi-stage cluster sampling. Naseri spiritual intelligence questionnaire, Beck`s anxiety questionnaire and Goldberg`s depression questionnaire were used in this study. According to the analysis of multiple regression, anxiety was significantly predictable in both groups by patience (in spiritual intelligence). Also, depression was predictable by patience and forgiveness in Islamic sciences group and it was predictable by patience and spiritual experiences in other students. However, patience is a stronger predictor. Also in the case of the students majoring Islamic sciences these factors are stronger predictors.

Keywords: spiritual intelligence, anxiety, depression, students.


A Comparative Study of the Death Anxiety, Loneliness and Attachment to God among the People with Cancer, People with Heart Diseases and Healthy People

Adel Zahed Babolan/ Associate professor of Educational sciences department, Mohaqiq Ardabili University            

                                                                                                                                         zahed@uma.ac.ir

Sheida Borghi/ MA in psychology, Mohaqiq Ardabili University             

Received: 2014/12/08 – Accepted: 2015/05/26

Abstract

The current study has been done to discover a comparison between death anxiety, loneliness and attachment to God among the people with cancer, people with heart disease and healthy people. The statistical population include 612 people with cancer, 210 people with heart diseases and 40 healthy people. To collect the data, Templar death anxiety, UCLA loneliness and Beck and Mc Donald`s questionnaires were used. The statistics related to the three analysis of one-variable variance showed a significant difference in averages of all three variables after Benefroni`s correction. LSD follow-up test results show that the average score of the loneliness among people with cancer is significantly higher than people with heart disease and healthy people. The average score of the attachment to God among the people with cancer and the people with heart diseases is higher than that of healthy people. Also the death anxiety average score of the people with cancer is significantly higher than the people with heart disease and healthy people.

 

Key words: loneliness, death anxiety, attachment to God, cancer, heart disease.          

The Relationship of the Spiritual Intelligence and Adherence to Religious


Beliefs with the Cognitive
Emotion Regulation Among Pregnant Women

Bent al-Hoda Mohammadi Kanjani / MA in psychology, Tehran science faculty.       bentolhoda_mohammadi@yahoo.com

Mohammad Ali Mazaheri / Professor of psychology, Shahid Beheshti University                                          

Mahmood Heidari / Assistant professor of psychology, Shahid Beheshti University            mahmoodhaidari@yahoo.com

Alireza Moradi / Professor of psychology, Kharazmi University                                                                   

Received: 2015/01/11 – Accepted: 2015/06/26

Abstract

The purpose of the present paper is examining the relationship between spiritual intelligence and adherence to religious obligations with cognitive emotion regulation among the pregnant women in Tehran. This descriptive study is a correlation. Using the available sample, 400 pregnant women completed cognitive emotion regulation, King`s spiritual intelligence self-report and adherence to religious obligations` questionnaires. The findings show that there is a significant and positive correlation between cognitive emotion regulation and spiritual intelligent and adherence to religious beliefs and their components. Adherence to religious obligations and a higher spiritual intelligence guarantees efficient cognitive emotion regulation. Among spiritual intelligence components, personal meaningfulness among the components of adherence to religious obligations and avoiding unlawful deeds predict cognitive emotion regulation. Also there is a positive significant relationship between spiritual intelligence and adherence to religious obligations among pregnant women.

 

Key words: cognitive emotion regulation, spiritual intelligence, adherence to religious beliefs, pregnant women.