The Effectiveness of Logo Therapy Based on a Religious Approach on the Self-esteem, Happiness and Tolerance of Adolescent Girls


Zahra Sarvarian / MA in psychology, PNU Tehran                                    z.sarvarian@yahoo.com

Mohammad Ehsan Taqi Zadeh / Associate professor of PNU Tehran

Hamid Reza Sarvarian / Associate professor of Hazrat Masuma (p.b.u.h) University

Received: 2015/06/12 - Accepted: 2015/12/06                                                  sarvarianhr@yahoo.com



The aim of this study was the logo therapy effectiveness on self-esteem and happiness in adolescents. Research methodology was experimental by pretest-posttest design and control group. Participants include of high school girls that were studying in 2014-2015 educational year. Sample of this research was selected by random method. In this way 40 adolescent were selected and divided into control and experimental group randomly. Both groups were assessed by self-esteem (Copper Smit) and happiness (MUNESH) questionnaires in two pretest and posttest stages. Collected data was analyzed by Multivariate covariance method in SPSS instrument. Results showed that logo therapy has significant effect on adolescent self-efficacy and happiness in experimental group. This Finding was concordance with other reports and indicated that we can use logo therapy techniques to improve of adolescent positive effects.

Key words: logo therapy, self-esteem, happiness, tolerance, religion


The Indices of Family Wealth and Providing a Conceptual Model of the Islamic-Iranian Family: a Qualitative Research


 Javad khodadadi Sangdeh / PhD of family counseling, department of counseling, University of Kharazmi, Tehran, IR Iran                                                                                                                                                                                            javad.khodadadi7@gmail.com

Ali Mohammad Nazari / Associate professor of counseling, department of counselling, University of Kharazmi, Tehran                                                                                                                                amnazariy@yahoo.com

Khoda Bakhash Ahmadi / professor of family counseling, the center of behavioral sciences, Baqi yat Allah medical University, Tehran                                                                                                                             kh_ahmady@yahoo.com

Received: 2015/07/04- Accepted: 2015/11/16



The present research was studied with the aim of investigate and Identification of the healthy family indices and presentation of a health family Islamic Iranian conceptual model. The present research is a qualitative research, in which phenomenological approach was used. For this purpose, 13 participants were selected by purposive sampling method and were studied via discovering and deep interviews during a 12-month period. Data were collected, registered and encoded in main categories. Analyzing the participant’s experiences were resulted in identifying 534 primary codes, 32 subthemes, and 6 indices as followes:1) personal context, 2) couple context, 3) social context, 4) parenting context 5) family context and 6) religion context. Hence, a number of different factors can contribute to building a successful marriage including responsibility, forgiveness, maturity, commitment, intimacy, acknowledgment, attempt to satisfying one another, cooperation, reciprocal caring, sexual satisfaction, familyism, monitoring, flexibility, leisure time, not being fashionable, religion beliefs and behavior’s. Although these factors have fundamental role in healthy family, they have been ignored. Therefore, with regard to families, it is necessary to pay more attention to social and cultural contexts.

Key words: family welfare, index, parents` experiences, Islamic-Iranian, qualitative study.


The Term Conscious and Unconscious in Psycho-Analysis and Comparing it with the Views of Allameh Tabatabaei


Hadi Abdoli / MA in psychology, IKI                                                            h.abdoli313@gmail.com

Aba al-Ghasem Bashiri / Assistant Professor of psychology, IKI

Rahim Narouei Nosrati / Assistant Professor of psychology, IKI                  rnarooei@yahoo.com

Received: 2016/02/04- Accepted: 2016/07/31



The purpose of the present study is expounding the concepts of conscious, pre-conscious and unconscious from the viewpoint of the psycho-analysists and comparing it with the views of Allameh Tabatabaei. To this end the author checked reliable resources regarding psycho-analysis approach and the works of Allameh Tabatabaei. Then the views were analyzed and compared using a descriptive-analytic method. The findings show that psycho-analysis believe that there are there stages of unconscious, pre-conscious and conscious for the mind and most of the psychological processes are done unconsciously. Allameh Tabatabaei believes that consciousness means science to science, pre-consciousness means forgetfulness and unconsciousness refers to the processes that lead to science to science. He believes that some of man`s understandings and activities are done with science to science, that can be called unconscious, however Allameh`s view is more compatible with the cognitive approach in unconscious not psycho-analysis. There are some similarities and some differences between old pattern of God in Young`s view and theology and natural God-seeking in Allameh`s view. In general, Allameh Tabatabei believes that unconsciousness means not knowing the science or neglecting the cognition.

Key words: consciousness, pre-consciousness, unconsciousness, psycho-analysis, Allameh Tabatabaei.


Good Conduct in the Eyes of Pre-school Children: a Phenomenological Study

 Shahrouz Nemati / Assistant professor, department of education, Tabriz University


Ali Iman Zadeh / Assistant professor of educational philosophy, Tabriz University

Received: 2015/07/05- Accepted: 2015/12/22                                             a.imanzadeh@malayeru.ac.ir



In the developmental process children through social and educational institutions and family content learn social values and as far as possible act to them. In order to achieve the view of children about prosocial behavior quality of research and ground theory was conducted by researchers. in the same vein, twenty five preschool children from child care center in Malayer city were selected randomly and semi-structure interview was used to gather the data.These children were interviewed until saturation was established.The analysis of data lead to establishment of opening codes and categorizing them in conceptual headings, these revealed that in these group of preschool children, respectively, helping, obedience to parents and to avoid the offending of others were prosocial behavior that they Reports. This indicates that the support of others and avoidance from violence and modeling traits are important in the developmental process for children and culture and educational systems has been more attention in Iran.

Key words: good conduct, pre-school children, Iran.

The Relationship of Adherence to Religious Beliefs and Moral Identity with Psychological Well-being: The Mediating Role of Moral Identity


Sedighe Ashtari / MA in general psychology, University of Zanjan  sedighe.ashtari@yahoo.com

Mahmoud Kazemi / Assistant professor of educational psychology, University of Zanjan


Javad Salehi / Assistant professor of psychology, University of Zanjan    Javadsalehi@znu.ac.ir

Received: 2015/07/15- Accepted: 2015/12/31



The purpose of this study was specifying the role of adherence to religious beliefs and moral identity with psychological well-being among University students. 300 students of Zanjan University participated in this study. Questionnaires were used in this study including acting to religious beliefs questionnaire, moral identity questionnaire and Scale of psychological well-being (SPWB). For the analysis of test data, Pearson's correlation coefficient, regression analysis, Sobel test and independent T-test were used. The results showed that there was a positive significant relationship between acting to religious beliefs, moral identity with psychological well-being. Hierarchical regression analysis showed that, moral identity partially mediated the influence of acting to religious beliefs on psychological well-being. The findings indicated there are significant differences in male and female students in acting to religious beliefs and moral identity.

Keywords: adherence to religious beliefs, moral identity, psychological well-being.

The Relationship of Secularism and
Arrogance with Occupational Procrastination


Davoud Ghafari Jafari / MA in psychology, Azad University of Saveh davoodgh1928@gmail.com

Beheshteh Niyousha / Assistant professor of psychology, Azad University of Saveh

Received: 2015/06/14- Accepted: 2015/12/04                                         beheshteh_niusha@yahoo.com



Understanding the characteristics of human resources including arrogance and secularism is vitally affecting in organization efficacy. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between different dimensions of arrogance and secularism as predictors of occupational procrastination.

A correlational method was employed and the following measures were administered to 403 (117 women and 286 men) participants were selected through cluster sampling. The secularism assessment scale. The arrogance scale and the occupational procrastination questionnaire were also used. For data analysis, stepwise regression analysis was used. Results showed that there were significant correlations (P<0.01) between all dimensions of arrogance (except for the acceptance of others) and secularism and measures of occupational procrastination. Amongst subscales of arrogance, “humiliation”, “social approval” were stronger predictors. As far as secularism was concerned, “futurity aversion”, “social trends” and “Psychological characteristics” was a stronger predictor of occupational procrastination.

Key words: arrogance, secularism, occupational procrastination.


Investigating the Relationship between Religious Orientation and the Variables of Attitude towards Wearing Hijab and Self-control among Students of Allameh Tabatabaei University


 Seyyedeh Fateme Sadr / PhD Student in General Psychology, Azad University, Science and Research Branch                                                                                                                               Fsadr2009@yahoo.com

Abdollah Motamedi / Associate professor of clinical psychology, Allameh Tabatabaei University

Received: 2015/04/13- Accepted: 2015/10/05                                               a_moatamedy@yahoo.com



This study aims to investigate the relationship between religious orientation and the variables of attitude toward wearing Hijab and self-control among students at Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran. This study is conducted with a descriptive-analytical design on 382 female students at Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, in the winter of 2014. Data collection instruments of the study include Allport’s religious orientation Scale (Allport and Ross, 1950), attitude toward Hijab Questionnaire and self-control Questionnaire. The findings of this study show that there is a statistically significant relationship between religious orientation and the variables of students’ attitude toward Hijab and self-control. In fact, individuals scoring higher on the intrinsic religious orientation subscale have a more positive attitude toward Hijab whereas the relationship is negative in the case of extrinsic religious orientation. Furthermore, individuals with internal religious orientation are characterized by higher levels of self-control compared with individuals with extrinsic religious orientation. Overall, it is concluded that only internal religious orientation leads to a positive attitude toward Hijab and self-control among students. Therefore, increasing intrinsic religious beliefs in students can improve their attitude toward Hijab and self-control.

Key words: religious orientation, attitudes towards wearing Hijab, self-control.


The Relationship of Islamic Lifestyle with Self-control and Personality Characteristics among the Students


 Mohammad Saeed Nasr Isfahani / MA student of psychology, IKI          snasr1907@gmail.com

Mohammad Mahdi Yousefi / MA in clinical psychology, Allameh Tabatabaei University

Mobin Salehi / PhD in psychology, The Research Center of University

Amin Rahmati / MA in Islamic psychology, Moral and Education Institute

Received: 2015/04/04- Accepted: 2015/05/16



The purpose of the current paper is to clarify the relationship between Islamic lifestyle and self-control and personal traits. This descriptive research is a correlation. Self-control questionnaire, NEO five-factor personality questionnaire and Islamic lifestyle questionnaire are used in this paper. 383 students from Shahab Danesh Educational institution and seminary students of Qom city were the population. The research data were analyzed by Pierson correlation coefficient and Variance analysis. The findings show that there is a significant difference between Islamic lifestyle and self-control and personal traits- except extroversion subtest-. Also there is a significant difference between seminary students and university students. Accordingly, as the marks in Islamic lifestyle increases the self-control and personality traits` marks (except extroversion) increases.

Key words: Islamic lifestyle, self-control, personality characteristics.

The Relationship of Spiritual Intelligence and Problem-solving Styles with Resiliency among University Students


Sayed Ali Marashi / Assistant professor of clinical psychology, Chamran University


Fatemeh Mirzaei / MA student of psychology, Azad University of Ilam

Tahereh Mehrabian / MA student of clinical psychology, Kordestan University

Received: 2015/07/18- Accepted: 2015/12/27                                                  t.mehrabian@yahoo.com



This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the dimensions of spiritual intelligence and problem-solving styles with resiliency in Ilam University. Methods: In this study, 186 students were selected randomly and completed 3 questionnaires spiritual intelligence, problem-solving style and scale resiliency. Spiritual intelligence and problem-solving style was considered as a predictor variables and resiliency as the criterion variable. Research design is correlation and data were analyzed by R Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression analyzes. Results: The results showed a positive relationship between all aspects of spiritual intelligence with the Resiliency. as well as There are a positive relationship Among the creativity in the problem-solving, confidence in problem solving and attitude to solve the problem with resiliency and had a negative relationship between the inability to solve the problem and inhibitor in solving the problem with resiliency. The highest correlation for the personal significance, the most important predictor variables in this study. was not significant relationship between The avoidance of problem with resiliency. So, since with high spiritual intelligence and problem-solving styles show greater resiliency, preparing the ground for supporting religion and spirituality with the aim of promoting individual`s spiritual intelligence can make their resiliency greater. 

Keywords: resiliency, spiritual intelligence and problem-solving styles, students.