Abstracts

قيمت مقاله الكترونيكي : 
1500تومان

The Factors and Structure
of Motivation in human Behavior in Allameh Tabataba'i's View

 

Najibollah Nouri / PhD in Public Psychology, IKI                                         noori1351@gmail.com

Received: 2016/03/10 - Accepted: 2016/08/25

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to discover the factors and structure of motivation in Allameh Tabataba'i's thoughts. For this purpose, using the library-based method, Allameh Tabataba'i's views on the factors and structure of human motivation were collected from his works and then analyzed by using the descriptive- analytical method. The results of the study show that there are nine internal factors and two external factors that intricately act as motivating factors for human behavior. Considering Allameh's works, these factors can be considered as some successive layers: layer one, the fundamental forces of human existence (the powers of the soul); Layer two, goals (ultimate causes and perfections of forces); layer three, tendencies and needs; layer four, knowledge and perceptions (mentally-posited and real perceptions); layer five, enthusiasm and desire (emotions and feelings); layer six, personal want and decision (will); layer seven, physiological reactions (physical movement); layer eight, experience of behavior (action); layer nine, personality traits (sensual traits). These nine layers are related to the internal processes of human existence, which are influenced by external factors such as guidance, help, mercy and grace of God, as well as the external environment, society and the temptations of the devil. In sum, the totality of these interconnected factors forms the structure of human motivation.

Key words: motivational factors, motivational structure, human behavior, Allameh Tabataba'i's thoughts, attitudes, perceptions.


The Effect of Group
Spiritual-Therapy on Reducing Fear of Death and Perceived Stress

 

Mohammad Ehassan Taqizadeh / Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Payam noor University, Tehran, South Branch                                                                                                                         metaghizadeh@yahoo.com

Malihe Khapoorniya / MA in Public Psychology, Payam noor University, Tehran, South Branch

Received: 2015/08/04 - Accepted: 2016/01/22                                                  rezvan2030@yahoo.com

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of spiritual therapy on reducing fear of death and stress among women aged 35-50. This research is experimental and has the “two groups, pre-test and post-test” design. The sample population consisted of 30 participants (15 in the experimental group and 15 in the control group) who were selected using purposeful sampling. The Experimental group participated in 8 sessions of spiritual therapy. The data collection instruments were the "fear of death" and "perceived stress" questionnaires. Data were analyzed using SPSS 20 and covariance statistical method. The results obtained from the F test for the difference between the mean scores were 13. 971 for fear of death in the significance level of p <0.01 and 58.518 for perceived stress in the significance level of p <0.01. These results showed that there is a significant difference between the experimental and control groups in the mean scores of fear of death and Stress in the post-test stage. It can be argued that group spiritual therapy reduces the level of fear of death and stress in women. In light of the findings, it seems that the use of spiritual therapy is effective in psychological interventions.

Key words: spiritual therapy, fear of death, perceived stress.


The Effect of Hope-Oriented
Couple Counseling with an Islamic Approach
on Marital Distress and Adjustment in Infertile Couples in Isfahan

 

Arezou Khaleghiyan / PhD Student of Counseling, Isfahan Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan Branch                                                                                                                    Arezookhleghian@yahoo.com

Mahsima Purshahriari / Associate Professor of Counseling at Al-zahra University

                                                                                                                      spourshahriari@hotmail.com

Simin Hosseinian / Professor of Counseling, Al-zahra University

Received: 2015/08/25 - Accepted: 2016/02/13

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of hope-oriented couple counseling on the distress and adjustment of infertile couples. This study was a semi-experimental research which used control group and pre-test, post-test and follow-up design. The statistical sample included 32 infertile couples selected by "goal-oriented sampling" method from among the patients in infertility centers and gynecologists in Isfahan city. The participants were randomly assigned into two control and experimental groups (each group included 16 couples). The experimental group then participated in 7 hope-oriented couple counseling sessions. Both groups completed the revised "marital adjustment" scale and the "marital distress" scale in the pre-test, post-test and follow-up stages (one month after the end of the sessions). In order to analyze the data, multivariate covariance analysis was performed using Spss-18 software. The results showed that there were significant differences between the two groups in the mean scores of marital adjustment, marital distress and its dimensions (physical, emotional and psychological exhaustion) (p <0.0005) in the post test and follow up stages. The findings of this study confirmed the effect of hope-oriented couple counseling with an Islamic approach on marital distress and marital adjustment of infertile couples and this is a finding which can be used in planning for counseling and psychotherapy for infertile couples.

Key words: infertile couples, hope-oriented couple counseling, Islamic approach, marital adjustment, marital distress.


The Effect of Group
Spiritual-Therapy on Reducing Fear of Death and Perceived Stress

 

Mohammad Ehassan Taqizadeh / Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Payam noor University, Tehran, South Branch                                                                                                                         metaghizadeh@yahoo.com

Malihe Khapoorniya / MA in Public Psychology, Payam noor University, Tehran, South Branch

Received: 2015/08/04 - Accepted: 2016/01/22                                                  rezvan2030@yahoo.com

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of spiritual therapy on reducing fear of death and stress among women aged 35-50. This research is experimental and has the “two groups, pre-test and post-test” design. The sample population consisted of 30 participants (15 in the experimental group and 15 in the control group) who were selected using purposeful sampling. The Experimental group participated in 8 sessions of spiritual therapy. The data collection instruments were the "fear of death" and "perceived stress" questionnaires. Data were analyzed using SPSS 20 and covariance statistical method. The results obtained from the F test for the difference between the mean scores were 13. 971 for fear of death in the significance level of p <0.01 and 58.518 for perceived stress in the significance level of p <0.01. These results showed that there is a significant difference between the experimental and control groups in the mean scores of fear of death and Stress in the post-test stage. It can be argued that group spiritual therapy reduces the level of fear of death and stress in women. In light of the findings, it seems that the use of spiritual therapy is effective in psychological interventions.

Key words: spiritual therapy, fear of death, perceived stress.


The Effect of Hope-Oriented
Couple Counseling with an Islamic Approach
on Marital Distress and Adjustment in Infertile Couples in Isfahan

 

Arezou Khaleghiyan / PhD Student of Counseling, Isfahan Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan Branch                                                                                                                    Arezookhleghian@yahoo.com

Mahsima Purshahriari / Associate Professor of Counseling at Al-zahra University

                                                                                                                      spourshahriari@hotmail.com

Simin Hosseinian / Professor of Counseling, Al-zahra University

Received: 2015/08/25 - Accepted: 2016/02/13

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of hope-oriented couple counseling on the distress and adjustment of infertile couples. This study was a semi-experimental research which used control group and pre-test, post-test and follow-up design. The statistical sample included 32 infertile couples selected by "goal-oriented sampling" method from among the patients in infertility centers and gynecologists in Isfahan city. The participants were randomly assigned into two control and experimental groups (each group included 16 couples). The experimental group then participated in 7 hope-oriented couple counseling sessions. Both groups completed the revised "marital adjustment" scale and the "marital distress" scale in the pre-test, post-test and follow-up stages (one month after the end of the sessions). In order to analyze the data, multivariate covariance analysis was performed using Spss-18 software. The results showed that there were significant differences between the two groups in the mean scores of marital adjustment, marital distress and its dimensions (physical, emotional and psychological exhaustion) (p <0.0005) in the post test and follow up stages. The findings of this study confirmed the effect of hope-oriented couple counseling with an Islamic approach on marital distress and marital adjustment of infertile couples and this is a finding which can be used in planning for counseling and psychotherapy for infertile couples.

Key words: infertile couples, hope-oriented couple counseling, Islamic approach, marital adjustment, marital distress.


The Structural Model of the Relationship of Islamic Spiritual Capital with Feeling Energetic in Work and Job Performance

 

Fatemeh Khadempir / MA in Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Isfahan (Khorasgan)                                                                                                                                  fa.khalaj@gmail.com

Mohsen Golparvar / Associate Professor of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Isfahan (Khorasgan)                                                                                                                       drmgolparvar@hotmail.com

Received: 2015/05/20 - Accepted: 2016/01/26

Abstract

This research was conducted with the aim of studying the structural model of the relationship among Islamic spiritual capital, feeling energetic in work and job performance. The statistical population of the research was included all the staff of a hotel in Isfahan in the spring of 1394, of which 188 were chosen through simple random selection. The instruments used in this study were the Islamic Spiritual Capital Questionnaire, Feeling Energetic Questionnaire and Job Performance Questionnaire. Data were analyzed by Pearson correlation coefficient and structural equation modeling (SEM). The results showed that feeling energetic in work and job performance had a positive and meaningful relationship with all four components of Islamic spiritual capital (p <0.01). Structural equation modeling results also showed that there is a meaningful relationship between Islamic spiritual capital and feeling energetic at work and between feeling energetic at work and job performance (p <0.01). Also, Islamic spiritual capital improves job performance by creating a sense of energy at work. Therefore, Islamic spiritual capital can be used to increase feeling energetic and improve job performance in the working environments of Iran.

Key words: Islamic spiritual capital, feeling energetic at work, job performance.


The Relationship among Parenting Styles, Parents’ Religious Attitudes and Juvenile Delinquency in Qom, 2013

 

Sa’ideh Malakuti / MA in Public Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan Branch

                                                                                                                       saedehmalakoti@yahoo.com

Nader Monirpur / Assistant Professor of Clinical Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Qom Branch

                                                                                                                            monirpoor1357@yahoo.com

Majid Zargham Hajebi / Assistant Professor, Department of Clinical Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Qom Branch

Received: 2015/10/26 - Accepted: 2016/04/07

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to study the relationship between perceived parenting styles and religious attitude of parents in predicting juvenile delinquency in Qom. The sample consisted of 39 delinquent adolescents (35 boys and 4 girls), and 45 normal adolescents in Qom high schools (39 non-delinquent boys and 6 girls) who were selected through matching. The research instruments were Young's parenting styles questionnaire and Allport's internal and external orientation test. For analyzing the data, two-tier correlation and logistic regression were used. The results showed that perceived parenting styles, defect / shame, insufficient self-restraint /self-discipline, and punishment by father, as well as perceived parenting style of emotional deprivation the mother were predictive of delinquency in adolescents. However, the effect of internal religious orientation on the prediction of juvenile delinquency was not significant. In addition, the results showed that the external religious attitude of parents predicts juvenile delinquency. Finally, it can be argued that parenting styles and the orientation of parents' religious attitude are effective in predicting juvenile delinquency.

Key words: delinquency, parenting styles, parental religious attitudes.


Investigating the Relationship between
Islamic Lifestyle, Identity Crisis and General Health in Adolescents

 

Masoumeh Kofili Yousefabad / MA in Educational Psychology, Al-zahra University

Shima Pazhuhiniya / Ph.D. Student of Psychology, Allameh Tabataba'i University

                                                                                                                          sh.pajouhinia@yahoo.com

Seyyed Mohammad Hassan Fatemi Ardestani / MA in Quran and Hadith Sciences, Osul al-din College of Tehran                                                                                                                              bikaran_hf@yahoo.com

Mahmood Islami / MA Student of Educational Management, Islamic Azad University of Tehran (south)

Received: 2015/09/24 - Accepted: 2016/02/28

Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between Islamic lifestyle, the degree of identity crisis and general health in adolescents in Tabriz. For this purpose, a sample of 200 people was selected by multi-stage random cluster sampling from all third grade high school students in Tabriz city in 1992-93. Data were gathered using Kaviyani’s Islamic Lifestyle Questionnaire, Goldberg’s General Health Questionnaire and Ahmadi’s Identity Crisis Questionnaire. The gathered data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlation coefficient and regression. The results of this study indicate that there is a meangfully opposite relationship between the Islamic lifestyle, identity crisis and the presence of syndromes in adolescents. Also, the results of multivariate regression analysis showed that Islamic lifestyle can explain the degree of identity crisis and general health in adolescents.

Key words: Islamic lifestyle, identity crisis, general health, adolescents.