Abstracts

قيمت مقاله الكترونيكي : 
1500تومان

Explaining the Relationship between Soul and Body based
on Islamic Sources (Emphasizing Mulla Sadra's View),
Approaches and Psychological Analysis

Rahim Narouee Nosrati / Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, IKI                          rnarooei@yahoo.com

Received: 2017/05/06 - Accepted: 2017/11/03

Abstract

This study was conducted with the aim of explaining the relationship between soul and body based on Islamic sources, with an emphasis on Mulla Sadra's view and a psychological analysis. To this end, the sources of psychology and Islam, especially the views of Mulla Sadra, were referred to. Findings were analyzed using the descriptive-analytical method. The results showed that there is a causal relationship between soul and body; however, changes in body, by virtue of causation, merely alter the coherent system of body, and mental changes are caused by the nature of soul’s belonging to body, not the self-transformation of body. There are two types of relationship: 1. causal relationship in which causation is from soul to body; 2. relation in the form of correlation and solidarity that is directed from body to soul. Therefore, based on Islamic sources, especially Mulla Sadra’s views, the relationship between soul and body is not interactive; rather, it is a causal relationship directed from soul to body and a relationship based on solidarity directed from body to soul.

Key words: soul, body, belonging nature, causality, correlation, the relation between self and body.


The Effectiveness of Intimacy Education
with Islamic Approach on Improving the Performance
of Families of Married

Hassan Zare’i Mahmoudabadi / Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Yazd University    

                                                                                                      zareei_h@yahoo.com

Nahid Ahmadi Roknabadi / MA in Counseling and Guidance, Yazd University

                                                                                             n.ahmadi152@gmail.com

Mohammad Hossein Fallah / Assistant Professor of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Yazd Branch                    

Received: 2015/10/17- Accepted: 2016/03/07

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of intimate education with an Islamic approach on the performance of married women's family. The research was semi-experimental and used the pre-test and post-test with control group design. The statistical population consisted of all women referring to the Ziaee counseling center in Meybod city from Farvardin to September 2013. The sample consisted of 28 married women who were selected using convenience sampling method and randomly divided into experimental and control groups. The dependent variable was family’s performance, which was measured by FAD test. The experimental group participated in eight sessions of intimacy training with an Islamic approach whereas the control group did not receive any treatment. The results of the covariance analysis showed that the difference in the pre-test and post-test mean scores of the subjects in the two groups (experimental and control) was significant in the overall performance variable. Also, the dimensions of communication, roles and overall performance increased significantly in the post-test stage. But there was no significant difference in terms of problem solving, emotional responsiveness, emotional involvement and behavior control.

Key words: family’s performance, intimacy education with an Islamic approach, married women.


The Effectiveness of Patience Education Based
on the Religious Doctrines on Resilience

 

Ezzatollah Ghadampour / Associate Professor of Educational Psychology, Lorestan University

                                                                                               ghadampour.e@lu.ac.ir

Tahereh Rahimipour / PhD Student of Educational Psychology, Lorestan University

                                                                                                                            t.rahimipour@gmail.com

Fatemeh Amiri / PhD Student of Educational Psychology, Lorestan University

Zahra Khalili Goshnigani / PhD Student of Educational Psychology, Lorestan University

Received: 2016/04/06- Accepted: 2016/08/27

Abstract

This research was an experimental research with a pretest-posttest and control group design. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of patience education based on religious teachings on the tolerance of female high school students in Isfahan. The statistical population included female high school students in Isfahan in the academic year 1993-94. A sample of 30 students was selected through convenience sampling and randomly divided into two experimental and control groups. For eleven sessions, patience education was conducted as an intervention in the experimental group. The measurement instruments were the Conor and Davidson resilience questionnaire and Hossein Sabat’s patience scale. Data were analyzed using covariance analysis. Findings showed that group patience education is effective in increasing the resilience of students at the significance level of p <0.05.

Key words: patience education, resilience, patience.


The Role of Forgiveness and Meaning in Life in the Prediction of Psychological Well-Being and Satisfaction with Life

Mohammad Narimani / Professor of Public Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili
                                                                                               m_narimani@uma.ac.ir

Yasser Habibi / MA in General Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili

                                                                                               yaser6889@yahoo.com

Mohammad Ali Qasminejad / PhD in General Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili

Received: 2016/02/27 - Accepted: 2016/08/18                                         mohamad_psy25@yahoo.com

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between forgiveness and meaning in life with psychological well-being and satisfaction with life among university students. The research method was descriptive-correlational and regression was used for predicting variables. The statistical population included all the students in Mohaghegh Ardebili University in the academic year 1393-1394. 270 subjects, who were selected as the sample , responded to Diener's satisfaction with life scale, Reif’s psychological well-being scale, Steger et al’s t meaning in life questtionnaaire , and forgiveness scale of Ehteshamzadeh et al. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient, multiple regression and variance analysis. Findings showed that forgiveness and meaning of life have a positive and significant relationship with psychological well-being and satisfaction with life .Moreover, realistic understanding of the components of forgiveness and meaning of life can  predict psychological well-being and satisfaction with life as the key variables in this research. The results of this research support the role of forgiveness and meaning in life as an effective factor in predicting psychological well-being and satisfaction with life among university students.

Key words: forgiveness, meaning in life, satisfaction with life, psychological well-being.


The Relationship among Early Maladaptive Schemas,
Personality Traits and the Moral Trait of Greed

 

Javad Torkashvand / Ph.D Student of Psychology, IKI                         torkashj@gmail.com

Mohammad Zarei Toopkhaneh / Ph.D. Student of Psychology, Hawza and Universities Research Center                

                                                                                       mohammad1358z@gmail.com

Abbasali Haratian / Ph.D. Student of Psychology, Hawza and Universities Research Center

                                                                                               a.haratiyan@gmail.com

Mohammad Reza Ahmadi / Assistant Professor of Psychology ,IKI m.r.Ahmadi313@Gmail.com

Received: 2016/08/03 - Accepted: 2016/12/22

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between early maladaptive schemas, personality traits and greed. This research was a descriptive correlational study and its statistical population included all Islamic Azad University of Khomein students from which  384 students were selected through multistage random sampling. The participants responded to the early maladaptive schema questionnaire, five personality questionnaire, and the Islamic scale of greed-contentment. Data were analyzed using pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise regression. The results showed that all areas of early maladaptive schemas and  and subscale of neuroticism have a positive and significant relationship with greed, and the subscales of extroversion, openness to experience, agreeableness and conscientiousness have a negative and significant relationship with greed. Also, the subscales of dettachment and exclusion, agreeableness and disruptive constraints have the ability to explain a significant part of the variance of greed. The results of the research indicate the importance of parents' attention to the educational system of their children and the focus of therapists and moral advisers on the deep foundations  of this moral attribute.

Key words: schema, early maladaptive schemas, personality traits, the moral trait of greed.


Prediction of Practicing Religious Beliefs Based
on Coping and Self-efficacy Styles of Married

 

Nasim Mohammadi / PhD Student of Counseling, Mohaghegh Ardabili University                  

                                                                                        nassimmohammadi@vatanmail.ir

Zainab Badalpour / MA in Family Counseling , Mohaghegh Ardabili University                      

                                                                                          zbadalpoor154@gmail.com

Vahid Nowrooz zadeh / PhD Student of Public Psychology, Urmia University

                                                                                    vahid_noroozzadeh@yahoo.com

Farzaneh Mika’ili Moni’ / Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Urmia University

Received: 2015/09/20 - Accepted: 2016/03/06                                         F.micheali.manee@Gmail.com

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between practicing religious beliefs and coping and self-efficacy styles among married women in Rasht. The research method was descriptive correlational. all married womenin Rasht formed the statistical population of this study in 2012. Among them, 200 women were selected using convenient sampling method. They responded to Jarvis’s coping styles questionnaire, Nilsson's religious beliefs questionnaire and Shares et al.'s self-efficacy questionnaire. After collecting data, the results showed that there is a positive and significant relationship between confrontational coping styles, self-efficacy and the practice of religious beliefs. There was no significant relationship between emotion-focused coping style and practice of religious beliefs. The results of the research show that married women ought to increase their religious practices in order to use confrontational and sedative coping styles when faced with stressful situations and thereby increase their mental health.

Key words: coping styles, religious beliefs, married women.