Abstracts

قيمت مقاله الكترونيكي : 
1500تومان

Designing and Evaluating of Effectiveness
of Educating the Religious-Psychological Teachings
on Healthy Relationships and Communication Skills

 

Hadi Bahrami Ehsan / Professor at the Department of Psychology, UT.

Janan Novin / M.A. in General Psychology, UT, (Corresponding author) janan.novin@gmail.com

Seyyed Mohammadreza Rezazadeh / Associate Professor in Psychology, UT.

Received: 2015/11/11- Accepted: 2016/04/03

 

Abstract

This paper seeks to study the effectiveness of the provided educational package based on religious-psychological teachings on healthy relationships and communication skills. The statistical population includes married women living in eleven and twelve regions of Tehran, who have elapsed since their marriage at least one year and a maximum of fifteen years. The sample of the survey consisted of thirty-six married women in Tehran, in the aforementioned area, who were selected by voluntary sampling, and randomly were put to the test and control in two groups. This survey uses the healthy relationships scales (Bahrami Ehsan & Rezazadeh1389) and communication skill scales (Monajemzadeh1391). Initially, a pretest was performed from both groups, then, target groups were educated, by the training package, in seven sessions of two hours. Both groups were tested again after completing the training. Using Covariance analysis method, for comparing the results, this survey shows that the educating the aforesaid package has a positive effect on healthy relationships and communication skills.

Key words: healthy relationships, interpersonal communication skills, religious-psychological education, married women.


Factors and Motivational Pattern from the Viewpoint of Ayatollah Mesbah Yazdi; Psychological-Analytical Perspective

 

Mohammad Hossein Amini / M.A. in Psychology, IKI                                amini.2960@yahoo.com

Abolqasem Bashiri / Assistant Professor at the Department of Psychology, IKI bashiri@Qabas.net

Rahim Narouee Nosrati / Associate Professor at the Department of Psychology/ IKI               

Received: 2017/02/23 - Accepted: 2017/07/10                                                       rnarooei@yahoo.com

 

Abstract

This paper seeks to study the factors of motivational behavior from the viewpoint of Ayatollah Mesbah Yazdi to design the motive theoretical model from his point of view. Using, an analytical-descriptive method and concentrating on Ayatollah Mesbah Yazdi's works, this paper collected the human motivational factors and processes, and then it clarified and explained Ayatollah Mesbah Yazdi's motivational pattern from a psychological perspective. This paper presents this view as a primary model for motivating behavior in the form of a network diagram. According to Ayatollah Mesbah Yazdi's point of view, man has dual purposeful, immortal dimensions that inherently have free will and authority. He also considers man as the highest creature of Allah, who has and dignity before Allah and tends toward perfection. In the dimension of motivation and energy behavior, man has a dynamic soul with fundamental tendencies, recognition, worldview and free will. In addition to that, due to this model, the soul and its fundamental tendencies are authentic and provide energy for all behaviors.

Keywords: pattern, motivation, Ayatollah Mesbah Yazdi.


Self-actualization Modeling Based on Spiritual Intelligence,
 Moral Intelligence and Psychological Well-being of Gifted Students

 

Ziba Barqi Irani / Assistant Professor, Department of General Psychology, Tehran PNU Uni

                                                                                                                                    kimia2010@gmail.com.

Ezat Zamanian Ghojdi / M.A. in General Psychology, Tehran PNU Uni

                                                                                                                      Ezzat.zamanian@yahoo.com.

Mahnaz Aliakbari Dehkordi / Professor at the Department of General Psychology, Tehran PNU Uni

Received: 2017/10/11 - Accepted: 2018/02/21                                                        m_akbari@pnu.ac.ir.

 

Abstract 

This paper seeks to study the self-actualization modeling based on spiritual intelligence, moral intelligence and psychological well-being. The statistical population of the survey consisted of gifted students in Semnan province. First, to determine a sample size, four hundred students of the gifted schools of Shahrood and Damghan were selected by simple stratified random sampling. This survey uses the spiritual intelligence, moral intelligence, psychological well-being and self-actualization (ASAI) scales to collect information. Using structural equations, it analyzes the research data. The findings show that spiritual intelligence has a direct positive and significant effect on self-actualization and psychological well-being of the gifted students. That is, the increase of spiritual intelligence has a positive effect on the psychological well-being, and positive psychological well-being increases self-actualization of an individual. Moral intelligence also has a positive effect on self-actualization indirectly and through influence on psychological well-being, but it does not have a direct effect on self-actualization. As a result, to educate self-actualized students, it is very significant to provide some training to increase the level of spiritual intelligence, moral intelligence and psychological well-being in schools and textbooks.

Keywords: self-actualization, spiritual intelligence, moral intelligence, psychological well-being.


The Effectiveness of Spiritual Components' Education
 in the Feeling of Loneliness and Self-esteem of Orphan Students

 

Hasan Aziminejad / M.A. in School Counselor, Roudhan Azad Uni   hasanazimi66@yahoo.com.

Masoud Karimifar / M.A. in Psychology, Allameh Tabataba'i Uni             masoudkarimi.psy@gmail.com.

Ehsan Dinrour / M.A. in Psychology, Allameh Tabataba'i Uni.

Badr al-Sadat Daneshmand / Assistant Professor in Curriculum, Kerman Bahunar Uni

Received: 2015/08/25 - Accepted: 2016/01/18                                                     daneshmand@uk.ac.ir.

 

Abstract

Spirituality, as an effective factor, plays a significant role in the physical and mental health of individuals, especially adolescents. Paying attention to this variable becomes more necessary than ever before, when an individual loses his parent and guardian. This paper seeks to study the effectiveness of spiritual component educations on reducing the feeling of loneliness and increasing self-esteem on the teens of orphanage. The sample consisted of 40 adolescents living in orphanages of Kerman province, who were randomly assigned to four groups. The spiritual components were presented to the two experimental groups in 10 sessions of 90 minutes, and the two control groups did not receive a program. According to the statistical method, pretest was taken from the only one test group and a control group before implementing the therapeutic plan, but after its implementation, all four groups responded to the questionnaire forms of loneliness and self-esteem. The findings show that educating the spiritual teachings had a significant effect on reducing the adolescent feeling of loneliness (0/05>P), but it has not been effective on the element of self-esteem. The spiritual components provide prosperity and happiness for man by refining and reconstructing the internal and external aspects of individuals.

Keywords: spiritual components, feeling of loneliness, self-esteem, teens of orphanage.


A Comparative Study of the Effectiveness
 of Lazarus Multifaceted Therapy and Spiritual-religious Multifaceted on
 Intensity of Psychological Symptoms (Anxiety, Depression, Physicalizing)
 on the Acting Indigestion Patients

 

Niloofar Mikaeli / Associate Professor of Psychology, Mohaghegh Ardabili Uni.

Nader Hajlu / Associate Professor of Psychology, Mohaghegh Ardabili Uni hajloo53@uma.ac.ir.

Mohammad Narimani / Professor at the Department of Psychology, Mohaghegh Ardabili Uni.

Subhan Purnikdast / Ph.D., Department of Psychology, Mohaghegh Ardabili Uni

Received: 2015/11/25 - Accepted: 2016/04/17                                              S.pournikdast@gmail.com.

 

Abstract

This paper seeks to study the effectiveness of Lazarus multifaceted therapy and spiritual-religious multifaceted on intensity of psychological symptoms of the acting indigestion patients. This survey is an experimental and practical research project, which is presented by a pretest-posttest with control. The statistical society was gastrointestinal patients in the 5th district of Tehran, which 54 selected patients were divided into two experimental and one control group by random sampling method. Using a short form of psychological symptoms and SPSS software, this survey analyzes the data through Variance analysis by multiple variable duplicates and Bonferroni follow up tests. The findings show that, each experimental group had a significant difference in all three components of psychological symptoms, at the beginning of research, after treatment, and during the follow up period, while, no significant difference was observed in the control group. There is also no significant difference between therapeutic groups in this regard. Accordingly, it is possible to use the above mentioned interventions in the aforesaid patients.

Keywords: Lazarus multifaceted therapy, spiritual-religious multifaceted, acting indigestion.


The Effect of Self-forgiveness Education
 on the Methods of Parenting and Positive and Negative Emotions

 

Abolhassan Haghani Khave / Assistant professor, IKI                                        haghani@qabas.net

Bushra Musavi / M.A. in Saveh Azad Uni.

Mohammad Zarei Toupkhane / Ph.D. Student in General Psychology, Research Institute of Hawzah and University                                                                                                                   mohammad1358z@gmail.com.

Seyyed Mohammad Reza Hasani / M.A., Qom Azad Uni                           smr.hasani@yahoo.com.

Received: 2016/07/27 - Accepted: 2017/01/20

 

Abstract

This research analyzes the effect of self-forgiveness education on the methods of parenting and positive and negative emotions on the Qom secondary school students in the school year 2014-2015. Using a trial pretest-posttest method with controlling group this paper studies the whole mother of the high school students of Qom as a statistical society. The sample research included 76 mothers of students from two governmental schools in Qom who were selected by the simple random sampling method. The participants filled out two questionnaire forms of Baumrind on parenting methods and positive and negative affinities of Watson and Clark as a pretest. Then, they were randomly divided into experimental and control groups. The experimental group has been educated by self-forgiveness for eight sessions, and then, both groups filled out two questionnaire forms of parenting and positive and negative emotions as a posttest. Using Covariance statistical descriptive-analytical method, this paper shows that, self-forgiveness education has a positive effect on the authoritarian and the authoritative parenting process, but it does not have an effect on the negligent method. The findings also indicate that self-forgiveness education has a positive effect on the positive and negative emotions.

Keywords: self-forgiveness, parenting methods, positive and negative emotions.


Investigating the Moderating Role of Religious Adherence on the Relationship of the early Maladaptive Psychological Bases and Irrational Beliefs

 

Abbas Ali Haratian / Ph.D. Student in General Psychology, Research Institute of Hawzah and University      a.haratiyan@rihu.ac.ir.

Massoud Janbzargi / Professor at the Department of Psychology, Research Institute of Hawzah and University           janbo@rihu.ac.ir.

Mojgan Aghaharis / Assistant Professor of Psychology, Garmsar PNU Uni

                                                                                                                          agah.mojgan@yahoo.com.

Mohammad Hassan Abouei Mehrizi / BA in Educational Sciences, Farhangian University, Shahid Beheshti College, Mashhad

Received: 2015/06/25 - Accepted: 2015/12/31

 

Abstract

Using the correlation method this paper seeks to study the moderating role of adherence to religious beliefs on the relationship of the first maladaptive psychological bases and irrational beliefs. The statistical society of this study is married individuals in the province of Semnan. Using multi-stage random sampling 782 people was selected from the whole population. This survey uses Pearson correlation methods and Z Fisher test to analyze the data. The findings prove the moderating role of adherence to religious beliefs, that is, religious adherence significantly enhances the relationship between the early maladaptive psychological bases and the irrational beliefs.

Keywords: religious adherence, early maladaptive psychological bases, irrational beliefs.